Document.forms

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The forms read-only property of the Document interface returns an HTMLCollection listing all the <form> elements contained in the document.

Note: Similarly, you can access a list of a form's component user input elements using the HTMLFormElement.elements property.

Syntax

collection = document.forms;

Value

An HTMLCollection object listing all of the document's forms. Each item in the collection is a HTMLFormElement representing a single <form> element.

If the document has no forms, the returned collection is empty, with a length of zero.

Examples

Getting form information

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

<head>
<title>document.forms example</title>
</head>

<body>

<form id="robby">
  <input type="button" onclick="alert(document.forms[0].id);" value="robby's form" />
</form>

<form id="dave">
  <input type="button" onclick="alert(document.forms[1].id);" value="dave's form" />
</form>

<form id="paul">
  <input type="button" onclick="alert(document.forms[2].id);" value="paul's form" />
</form>

</body>
</html>

Getting an element from within a form

var selectForm = document.forms[index];
var selectFormElement = document.forms[index].elements[index];

Named form access

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <title>document.forms example</title>
</head>

<body>

<form name="login">
  <input name="email" type="email">
  <input name="password" type="password">
  <button type="submit">Log in</button>
</form>

<script>
  var loginForm = document.forms.login; // Or document.forms['login']
  loginForm.elements.email.placeholder = 'test@example.com';
  loginForm.elements.password.placeholder = 'password';
</script>
</body>
</html>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'Document.forms' in that specification.
Living Standard  
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 HTML Specification
The definition of 'Document.forms' in that specification.
Obsolete Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
formsChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE ? Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also