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The HTMLCanvasElement.toDataURL() method returns a data URI containing a representation of the image in the format specified by the type parameter (defaults to PNG). The returned image is in a resolution of 96 dpi.

  • If the height or width of the canvas is 0, the string "data:," is returned.
  • If the requested type is not image/png, but the returned value starts with data:image/png, then the requested type is not supported.
  • Chrome also supports the image/webp type.

Syntax

canvas.toDataURL(type, encoderOptions);

Parameters

type Optional
A DOMString indicating the image format. The default format type is image/png.
encoderOptions Optional
A Number between 0 and 1 indicating the image quality to use for image formats that use lossy compression such as image/jpeg and image/webp.
If this argument is anything else, the default value for image quality is used. The default value is 0.92. Other arguments are ignored.

Return value

A DOMString containing the requested data URI.

Exceptions

SecurityError
The canvas's bitmap is not origin clean; at least some of its contents have or may have been loaded from a site other than the one from which the document itself was loaded.

Examples

Given this <canvas> element:

<canvas id="canvas" width="5" height="5"></canvas>

You can get a data-URL of the canvas with the following lines:

var canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
var dataURL = canvas.toDataURL();
console.log(dataURL);
// "data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAUAAAAFCAYAAACNby
// blAAAADElEQVQImWNgoBMAAABpAAFEI8ARAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC"

Setting image quality with jpegs

var fullQuality = canvas.toDataURL('image/jpeg', 1.0);
// data:image/jpeg;base64,/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQ...9oADAMBAAIRAxEAPwD/AD/6AP/Z"
var mediumQuality = canvas.toDataURL('image/jpeg', 0.5);
var lowQuality = canvas.toDataURL('image/jpeg', 0.1);

Example: Dynamically change images

You can use this technique in association with mouse events in order to dynamically change images (gray-scale vs. color in this example):

HTML

<img class="grayscale" src="myPicture.png" alt="Description of my picture" />

JavaScript

window.addEventListener('load', removeColors);

function showColorImg() {
  this.style.display = 'none';
  this.nextSibling.style.display = 'inline';
}

function showGrayImg() {
  this.previousSibling.style.display = 'inline';
  this.style.display = 'none';
}

function removeColors() {
  var aImages = document.getElementsByClassName('grayscale'),
      nImgsLen = aImages.length,
      oCanvas = document.createElement('canvas'),
      oCtx = oCanvas.getContext('2d');
  for (var nWidth, nHeight, oImgData, oGrayImg, nPixel, aPix, nPixLen, nImgId = 0; nImgId < nImgsLen; nImgId++) {
    oColorImg = aImages[nImgId];
    nWidth = oColorImg.offsetWidth;
    nHeight = oColorImg.offsetHeight;
    oCanvas.width = nWidth;
    oCanvas.height = nHeight;
    oCtx.drawImage(oColorImg, 0, 0);
    oImgData = oCtx.getImageData(0, 0, nWidth, nHeight);
    aPix = oImgData.data;
    nPixLen = aPix.length;
    for (nPixel = 0; nPixel < nPixLen; nPixel += 4) {
      aPix[nPixel + 2] = aPix[nPixel + 1] = aPix[nPixel] = (aPix[nPixel] + aPix[nPixel + 1] + aPix[nPixel + 2]) / 3;
    }
    oCtx.putImageData(oImgData, 0, 0);
    oGrayImg = new Image();
    oGrayImg.src = oCanvas.toDataURL();
    oGrayImg.onmouseover = showColorImg;
    oColorImg.onmouseout = showGrayImg;
    oCtx.clearRect(0, 0, nWidth, nHeight);
    oColorImg.style.display = "none";
    oColorImg.parentNode.insertBefore(oGrayImg, oColorImg);
  }
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'HTMLCanvasElement.toDataURL' in that specification.
Living Standard No change since the latest snapshot, HTML5
HTML 5.1
The definition of 'HTMLCanvasElement.toDataURL' in that specification.
Recommendation  
HTML5
The definition of 'HTMLCanvasElement.toDataURL' in that specification.
Recommendation Snapshot of the HTML Living Standard containing the initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 4Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 3.6IE Full support 9Opera Full support 9Safari Full support 4WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support 18Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 19Safari iOS Full support 3Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support

See also

Метки документа и участники

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