The handler.ownKeys() method is a trap for Object.getOwnPropertyNames().


var p = new Proxy(target, {
  ownKeys: function(target) {


The following parameter is passed to the ownKeys method. this is bound to the handler.

The target object.

Return value

The ownKeys method must return an enumerable object.


The handler.ownKeys() method is a trap for Object.getOwnPropertyNames().


This trap can intercept these operations:


If the following invariants are violated, the proxy will throw a TypeError:

  • The result of ownKeys must be an array.
  • The type of each array element is either a String or a Symbol.
  • The result List must contain the keys of all non-configurable own properties of the target object.
  • If the target object is not extensible, then the result List must contain all the keys of the own properties of the target object and no other values.


The following code traps Object.getOwnPropertyNames().

var p = new Proxy({}, {
  ownKeys: function(target) {
    return ["a", "b", "c"];

console.log(Object.getOwnPropertyNames(p)); // "called"
                                            // [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ]

The following code violates an invariant.

var obj = {};
Object.defineProperty(obj, "a", { 
  configurable: false, 
  enumerable: true, 
  value: 10 }

var p = new Proxy(obj, {
  ownKeys: function(target) {
    return [123, 12.5, true, false, undefined, null, {}, []];


// TypeError: proxy [[OwnPropertyKeys]] must return an array 
// with only string and symbol elements


Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of '[[OwnPropertyKeys]]' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of '[[OwnPropertyKeys]]' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support ? 18 (18) ? ? ?
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? 18.0 (18) ? ? ?

Compatibility notes


  • In Gecko 42 (Firefox 42 / Thunderbird 42 / SeaMonkey 2.39), the ownKey implementation got updated to reflect the final ES2015 specification (see bug 1049662):
    • The result is now checked if it is an array and if the array elements are either of type string or of type symbol.
    • Enumerating duplicate own property names is not a failure anymore.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: m31271n_, fscholz, slavede, arai
 Last updated by: m31271n_,