Baseline 2023

Newly available

Since March 2023, this feature works across the latest devices and browser versions. This feature might not work in older devices or browsers.

The Server-Timing header communicates one or more metrics and descriptions for a given request-response cycle. It is used to surface any backend server timing metrics (e.g. database read/write, CPU time, file system access, etc.) in the developer tools in the user's browser or in the PerformanceServerTiming interface.

Header type Response header
Forbidden header name no


The syntax of the Server-Timing header allows you to communicate metrics in different ways: server metric name only, metric with value, metric with value and description, and metric with description.

This header can contain one or more metrics, separated by commas. Each metric has a name, an optional duration, and an optional description. These components are separated by semi-colons.

The duration component consists of the string "dur", followed by "=", followed by the value, like "dur=23.2". The description component consists of the string "desc", followed by "=", followed by the value, like "desc=DB lookup".

The specification advises that names and descriptions should be kept as short as possible (use abbreviations and omit optional values where possible) to minimize the HTTP overhead.

// Single metric without value
Server-Timing: missedCache

// Single metric with value
Server-Timing: cpu;dur=2.4

// Single metric with description and value
Server-Timing: cache;desc="Cache Read";dur=23.2

// Two metrics with value
Server-Timing: db;dur=53, app;dur=47.2

// Server-Timing as trailer
Trailer: Server-Timing
--- response body ---
Server-Timing: total;dur=123.4

Privacy and security

The Server-Timing header may expose potentially sensitive application and infrastructure information. Consider to control which metrics are returned when and to whom on the server side. For example, you could only show metrics to authenticated users and nothing to the public.

PerformanceServerTiming interface

In addition to having Server-Timing header metrics appear in the developer tools of the browser, the PerformanceServerTiming interface enables tools to automatically collect and process metrics from JavaScript. This interface is restricted to the same origin, but you can use the Timing-Allow-Origin header to specify the domains that are allowed to access the server metrics. The interface is only available in secure contexts (HTTPS) in some browsers.

The components of the Server-Timing header map to the PerformanceServerTiming properties like this:


Server Timing
# the-server-timing-header-field

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also