We're looking for a user researcher to understand the needs of developers and designers. Is this you or someone you know? Check out the post: https://mzl.la/2IGzdXS

The read-only Node.nodeType property that represents the type of the node.


The nodeType property can be used to distinguish different kind of nodes, such that elements, text and comments, from each other.


var type = node.nodeType;

Returns an integer value which specifies the type of the node; possible values are listed in Node type constants.


Node type constants

Constant Value Description
Node.ELEMENT_NODE 1 An Element node such as <p> or <div>.
Node.TEXT_NODE 3 The actual Text of Element or Attr.
Node.PROCESSING_INSTRUCTION_NODE 7 A ProcessingInstruction of an XML document such as <?xml-stylesheet ... ?> declaration.
Node.COMMENT_NODE 8 A Comment node.
Node.DOCUMENT_NODE 9 A Document node.
Node.DOCUMENT_TYPE_NODE 10 A DocumentType node e.g. <!DOCTYPE html> for HTML5 documents.
Node.DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT_NODE 11 A DocumentFragment node.

Deprecated node type constants

The following constants have been deprecated and should not be used anymore.

Constant Value Description
Node.ATTRIBUTE_NODE 2 An Attribute of an Element. The element attributes are no longer implementing the Node interface in DOM4 specification.
Node.CDATA_SECTION_NODE 4 A CDATASection. Removed in DOM4 specification.
Node.ENTITY_REFERENCE_NODE 5 An XML Entity Reference node. Removed in DOM4 specification.
Node.ENTITY_NODE 6 An XML <!ENTITY ...> node. Removed in DOM4 specification.
Node.NOTATION_NODE 12 An XML <!NOTATION ...> node. Removed in DOM4 specification.


Different types of nodes

document.nodeType === Node.DOCUMENT_NODE; // true
document.doctype.nodeType === Node.DOCUMENT_TYPE_NODE; // true

var fragment = document.createDocumentFragment();
fragment.nodeType === Node.DOCUMENT_FRAGMENT_NODE; // true

var p = document.createElement("p");
p.textContent = "Once upon a time...";

p.nodeType === Node.ELEMENT_NODE; // true
p.firstChild.nodeType === Node.TEXT_NODE; // true


This example checks if the first node inside the document element is a comment node, and if it is not, displays a message.

var node = document.documentElement.firstChild;
if (node.nodeType != Node.COMMENT_NODE)
  console.log("You should comment your code well!");


Specification Status Comment
The definition of 'Node.nodeType' in that specification.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 3 Core Specification
The definition of 'Node.nodeType' in that specification.
Obsolete No changes.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 2 Core Specification
The definition of 'Node.nodeType' in that specification.
Obsolete No changes.
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 1 Specification
The definition of 'Node.nodeType' in that specification.
Obsolete Initial definition.

 Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support Yes12 ? ? Yes ?
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes ? ? Yes ? Yes

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: fscholz,