The Node.hasChildNodes() method returns a Boolean value indicating whether the current Node has child nodes or not.

Syntax

result = node.hasChildNodes();
result
holds the return value true or false.

Examples

The next example removes the first child node inside the element with the id "foo" if foo has child nodes.

var foo = document.getElementById("foo");
if (foo.hasChildNodes()) { 
    // do something with 'foo.childNodes'
}

Polyfill

;(function(prototype) {
    prototype.hasChildNodes = prototype.hasChildNodes || function() {
        return !!this.firstChild;
    }
})(Node.prototype);

Summary

There are various ways to determine whether the node has a child node.

  • node.hasChildNodes()
  • node.firstChild != null (or just node.firstChild)
  • node.childNodes && node.childNodes.length (or node.childNodes.length > 0)

Specification

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support1 Yes Yes7 Yes Yes
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

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Last updated by: fscholz,