HTMLFormElement: requestSubmit() method

The HTMLFormElement method requestSubmit() requests that the form be submitted using a specific submit button.




submitter Optional

A submit button that is a member of the form.

If the submitter specifies form* attributes, they will override the form's submission behavior (e.g. formmethod="POST").

If the submitter has a name attribute or is an <input type="image">, its data will be included in the form submission (e.g. btnName=btnValue).

If you omit the submitter parameter, the form element itself is used as the submitter.

Return value

None (undefined).



Thrown if the specified submitter is not a submit button.

NotFoundError DOMException

Thrown if the specified submitter isn't a member of the form on which requestSubmit() was called. The submitter must be either a descendant of the form element or must have a form attribute referring to the form.

Usage notes

The obvious question is: Why does this method exist, when we've had the submit() method since the dawn of time?

The answer is simple. submit() submits the form, but that's all it does. requestSubmit(), on the other hand, acts as if a submit button were clicked. The form's content is validated, and the form is submitted only if validation succeeds. Once the form has been submitted, the submit event is sent back to the form object.


In the example below, the form is submitted by attempting to send the request using requestSubmit() if it's available. If a submit button with the ID main-submit is found, that's used to submit the form. Otherwise, the form is submitted with no submitter parameter, so it's submitted directly by the form itself.

If, on the other hand, requestSubmit() isn't available, this code falls back to calling the form's submit() method.

let myForm = document.querySelector("form");
let submitButton = myForm.querySelector("#main-submit");

if (myForm.requestSubmit) {
  if (submitButton) {
  } else {
} else {


HTML Standard
# dom-form-requestsubmit-dev

Browser compatibility

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