GlobalEventHandlers.onanimationiteration

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An event handler for the animationiteration event. This event is sent when a CSS Animation reaches the end of an iteration. An iteration ends when a single pass through the sequence of animation instructions is completed by executing the last animation step.

Syntax

var animIterationHandler = target.onanimationiteration;

target.onanimationiteration = Function

Value

A Function to be called when an animationiteration event occurs indicating that a CSS animation has reached the end of an iteration while running on the target, where the target object is an HTML element (HTMLElement), document (Document), or window (Window). The function receives as input a single parameter: an AnimationEvent object describing the event which occurred.

Example

Let's create an animation which automatically pauses at the end of each iteration, allowing the user to choose whether or not to start the next iteration. Much of this code is the same as in other examples of animation events, so it may look familiar.

CSS content

Leaving out some bits of the CSS that don't matter for the discussion here, let's take a look at the styles for the box that we're animating. First is the box itself. We set its size, position, color, and layout. Note that there's nothing there about animation. That's because we don't want the box to start animating right away. We'll add the animation style later to start animating the box.

#box {
  width: var(--boxwidth);
  height: var(--boxwidth);
  left: 0;
  top: 0;
  border: 1px solid #7788FF;
  margin: 0;
  position: relative;
  background-color: #2233FF;
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
  animation: 2s ease-in-out 0s infinite alternate both paused slideBox;
} 
 

The animation's keyframes are defined next; they describe an animation which causes the box to migrate from the top-left corner of the container to the bottom-right corner.

@keyframes slideBox {
  from {
    left:0;
    top:0;
  }
  to {
    left:calc(100% - var(--boxwidth));
    top:calc(100% - var(--boxwidth))
  }
}

JavaScript content

Some JavaScript code will need to be written to handle the click on the button to start the next iteration. Let's have a look.

var box = document.getElementById("box");
var iterationCounter = 0;

box.onanimationiteration = function(event) {
  box.style.animationPlayState = "paused";
  document.getElementById("play").innerHTML = "Start Iteration #" + (iterationCounter+1);
};

This sets up two global variables: box, which references the "box" element that we're animating, and iterationCounter, which is initially zero, which indicates how many iterations of the animation have occurred.

The onanimationiteration event handler is then set up. It simply sets the box's animation-play-state to "paused", then updates the text displayed in the button to indicate that clicking the button will start playing the next iteration of theanimation.

Finally, we set up a handler for a click on the button that runs the animation:

document.getElementById("play").addEventListener("click", function(event) {
  box.style.animationPlayState = "running";
  iterationCounter++;
}, false);

This sets the box element's animation-play-state to "running" and increments the iteration counter. That's all there is to it!

Result

Assembled together, you get this:

Each time the box reaches the opposing corner, it stops, with the button reflecting which iteration number is up next, until you click the button to run the next iteration.

Specification

Specification Status Comment
CSS Animations
The definition of 'onanimationiteration' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Microsoft Edge Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support (Yes) -webkit
(Yes) (unprefixed)
51 (51) ? ? ? ?
Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ? (Yes) -webkit
(Yes) (unprefixed)
51.0 (51) ? ? ? ? (Yes) -webkit
​​​​​​​(Yes) (unprefixed)

See also

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