Feature-Policy: autoplay

这是一个实验中的功能
此功能某些浏览器尚在开发中,请参考浏览器兼容性表格以得到在不同浏览器中适合使用的前缀。由于该功能对应的标准文档可能被重新修订,所以在未来版本的浏览器中该功能的语法和行为可能随之改变。

The HTTP Feature-Policy header autoplay directive controls whether the current document is allowed to autoplay media requested through the HTMLMediaElement interface. When this policy is enabled and there were no user gestures, the Promise returned by HTMLMediaElement.play() will reject with a DOMException. The autoplay attribute on <audio> and <video> elements will be ignored.

For more details on autoplay and autoplay blocking, see the article Autoplay guide for media and Web Audio APIs.

语法

Feature-Policy: autoplay <可选>;
<allowlist>

An allowlist is a list of origins that takes one or more of the following values, separated by spaces:

  • *: The feature will be allowed in this document, and all nested browsing contexts (iframes) regardless of their origin.
  • 'self': The feature will be allowed in this document, and in all nested browsing contexts (iframes) in the same origin.
  • 'src': (In an iframe allow attribute only) The feature will be allowed in this iframe, as long as the document loaded into it comes from the same origin as the URL in the iframe's src attribute.
  • 'none': The feature is disabled in top-level and nested browsing contexts.
  • <origin(s)>: The feature is allowed for specific origins (for example, https://example.com). Origins should be separated by a space.

The values * (enable for all origins) or 'none' (disable for all origins) may only be used alone, while 'self' and 'src' may be used with one or more origins.

Features are each defined to have a default allowlist, which is one of:

  • *: The feature is allowed by default in top-level browsing contexts and all nested browsing contexts (iframes).
  • 'self': The feature is allowed by default in top-level browsing contexts and in nested browsing contexts (iframes) in the same origin. The feature is not allowed in cross-origin documents in nested browsing contexts.
  • 'none': The feature is disabled in top-level and nested browsing contexts.
 默认值是'self'.

参考说明

参考说明 状态 注解
Feature Policy Editor's Draft Initial definition.

浏览器兼容性支持

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
autoplay
Experimental
Chrome Full support 64Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 65
Disabled
Full support 65
Disabled
Disabled From version 65: this feature is behind the dom.security.featurePolicy.header.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 51Safari No support NoWebView Android Full support 64Chrome Android Full support 64Firefox Android Full support 65
Disabled
Full support 65
Disabled
Disabled From version 65: this feature is behind the dom.security.featurePolicy.header.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 47Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 9.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also