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这是一份比较全面的MIME类型列表,关联了文档的类别,以它们常见的扩展名排序。
 
两种主要的MIME类型在默认类型中扮演了重要的角色:
 
  • text/plain 表示文本文件的默认值。一个文本文件应当是人类可读的,并且不包含二进制数据。
  • application/octet-stream 表示所有其他情况的默认值。一种未知的文件类型应当使用此类型。浏览器在处理这些文件时会特别小心, 试图避免用户的危险行为.

IANA 是 MIME 媒体类型的官方注册机构,并维护了一个 list of all the official MIME types. 下面表格列出了Web上一些重要MIME类型:

扩展名 文档类型 MIME Type
.aac AAC audio file audio/aac
.abw AbiWord document application/x-abiword
.arc Archive document (multiple files embedded) application/octet-stream
.avi AVI: Audio Video Interleave video/x-msvideo
.azw Amazon Kindle eBook format application/vnd.amazon.ebook
.bin Any kind of binary data application/octet-stream
.bz BZip archive application/x-bzip
.bz2 BZip2 archive application/x-bzip2
.csh C-Shell script application/x-csh
.css Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) text/css
.csv Comma-separated values (CSV) text/csv
.doc Microsoft Word application/msword
.epub Electronic publication (EPUB) application/epub+zip
.gif Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) image/gif
.htm
.html
HyperText Markup Language (HTML) text/html
.ico Icon format image/x-icon
.ics iCalendar format text/calendar
.jar Java Archive (JAR) application/java-archive
.jpeg
.jpg
JPEG images image/jpeg
.js JavaScript (ECMAScript) application/javascript
.json JSON format

application/json

.json JSONP format

application/javascript

.mid
.midi
Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) audio/midi
.mpeg MPEG Video video/mpeg
.mpkg Apple Installer Package application/vnd.apple.installer+xml
.odp OpenDocuemnt presentation document application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation
.ods OpenDocuemnt spreadsheet document application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet
.odt OpenDocument text document application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text
.oga OGG audio audio/ogg
.ogv OGG video video/ogg
.ogx OGG application/ogg
.pdf Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) application/pdf
.ppt Microsoft PowerPoint application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
.rar RAR archive application/x-rar-compressed
.rtf Rich Text Format (RTF) application/rtf
.sh Bourne shell script application/x-sh
.svg Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) image/svg+xml
.swf Small web format (SWF) or Adobe Flash document application/x-shockwave-flash
.tar Tape Archive (TAR) application/x-tar
.tif
.tiff
Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) image/tiff
.ttf TrueType Font application/x-font-ttf
.vsd Microsft Visio application/vnd.visio
.wav Waveform Audio Format audio/x-wav
.weba WEBM audio audio/webm
.webm WEBM video video/webm
.webp WEBP image image/webp
.woff Web Open Font Format (WOFF) application/x-font-woff
.xhtml XHTML application/xhtml+xml
.xls Microsoft Excel application/vnd.ms-excel
.xml XML application/xml
.xul XUL application/vnd.mozilla.xul+xml
.zip ZIP archive application/zip
.3gp 3GPP audio/video container video/3gpp
audio/3gpp if it doesn't contain video
.3g2 3GPP2 audio/video container video/3gpp2
audio/3gpp2 if it doesn't contain video
.7z 7-zip archive application/x-7z-compressed

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