CanvasRenderingContext2D.setLineDash()

The setLineDash() method of the Canvas 2D API's CanvasRenderingContext2D interface sets the line dash pattern used when stroking lines. It uses an array of values that specify alternating lengths of lines and gaps which describe the pattern.

Note: To return to using solid lines, set the line dash list to an empty array.

Syntax

ctx.setLineDash(segments);

Parameters

segments

An Array of numbers that specify distances to alternately draw a line and a gap (in coordinate space units). If the number of elements in the array is odd, the elements of the array get copied and concatenated. For example, [5, 15, 25] will become [5, 15, 25, 5, 15, 25]. If the array is empty, the line dash list is cleared and line strokes return to being solid.

Return value

undefined.

Examples

Basic example

This example uses the setLineDash() method to draw a dashed line above a solid line.

HTML

<canvas id="canvas"></canvas>

JavaScript

const canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
const ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');

// Dashed line
ctx.beginPath();
ctx.setLineDash([5, 15]);
ctx.moveTo(0, 50);
ctx.lineTo(300, 50);
ctx.stroke();

// Solid line
ctx.beginPath();
ctx.setLineDash([]);
ctx.moveTo(0, 100);
ctx.lineTo(300, 100);
ctx.stroke();

Result

Some common patterns

This example illustrates a variety of common line dash patterns.

HTML

<canvas id="canvas"></canvas>

JavaScript

The drawDashedLine() function created below makes the drawing of multiple dashed lines simple. It receives a pattern array as its only parameter.

function drawDashedLine(pattern) {
  ctx.beginPath();
  ctx.setLineDash(pattern);
  ctx.moveTo(0, y);
  ctx.lineTo(300, y);
  ctx.stroke();
  y += 20;
}

const canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
const ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
let y = 15;

drawDashedLine([]);
drawDashedLine([1, 1]);
drawDashedLine([10, 10]);
drawDashedLine([20, 5]);
drawDashedLine([15, 3, 3, 3]);
drawDashedLine([20, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3]);
drawDashedLine([12, 3, 3]);  // Equals [12, 3, 3, 12, 3, 3]

Result

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard (HTML)
# dom-context-2d-setlinedash-dev

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also