Number.isSafeInteger()

The Number.isSafeInteger() method determines whether the provided value is a number that is a safe integer.

A safe integer is an integer that

  • can be exactly represented as an IEEE-754 double precision number, and
  • whose IEEE-754 representation cannot be the result of rounding any other integer to fit the IEEE-754 representation.

For example, 2^53 - 1 is a safe integer: it can be exactly represented, and no other integer rounds to it under any IEEE-754 rounding mode. In contrast, 2^53 is not a safe integer: it can be exactly represented in IEEE-754, but the integer 2^53 + 1 can't be directly represented in IEEE-754 but instead rounds to 2^53 under round-to-nearest and round-to-zero rounding. The safe integers consist of all integers from -(2^53 - 1) inclusive to 2^53 - 1 inclusive (± 9007199254740991 or ± 9,007,199,254,740,991).

Handling values larger or smaller than ~9 quadrillion with full precision requires using an arbitrary precision arithmetic library. See What Every Programmer Needs to Know about Floating Point Arithmetic for more information on floating point representations of numbers.

For larger integers, consider using the BigInt type.

Syntax

Number.isSafeInteger(testValue)

Parameters

testValue
The value to be tested for being a safe integer.

Return value

A Boolean indicating whether or not the given value is a number that is a safe integer.

Polyfill

Number.isSafeInteger = Number.isSafeInteger || function (value) {
   return Number.isInteger(value) && Math.abs(value) <= Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER;
};

Examples

Using isSafeInteger

Number.isSafeInteger(3);                    // true
Number.isSafeInteger(Math.pow(2, 53));      // false
Number.isSafeInteger(Math.pow(2, 53) - 1);  // true
Number.isSafeInteger(NaN);                  // false
Number.isSafeInteger(Infinity);             // false
Number.isSafeInteger('3');                  // false
Number.isSafeInteger(3.1);                  // false
Number.isSafeInteger(3.0);                  // true

Specifications

Specification
ECMAScript Language Specification (ECMAScript)
# sec-number.issafeinteger

Browser compatibility

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See also