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The Number.isSafeInteger() method determines whether the provided value is a number that is a safe integer. A safe integer is an integer that

  • can be exactly represented as an IEEE-754 double precision number, and
  • whose IEEE-754 representation cannot be the result of rounding any other integer to fit the IEEE-754 representation.

For example, 253 - 1 is a safe integer: it can be exactly represented, and no other integer rounds to it under any IEEE-754 rounding mode. In contrast, 253 is not a safe integer: it can be exactly represented in IEEE-754, but the integer 253 + 1 can't be directly represented in IEEE-754 but instead rounds to 253 under round-to-nearest and round-to-zero rounding.

The safe integers consist of all integers from -(253 - 1) inclusive to 253 - 1 inclusive.

Syntax

Number.isSafeInteger(testValue)

Parameters

testValue
The value to be tested for being a safe integer.

Return value

A Boolean indicating whether or not the given value is a number that is a safe integer.

Examples

Number.isSafeInteger(3);                    // true
Number.isSafeInteger(Math.pow(2, 53));      // false
Number.isSafeInteger(Math.pow(2, 53) - 1);  // true
Number.isSafeInteger(NaN);                  // false
Number.isSafeInteger(Infinity);             // false
Number.isSafeInteger('3');                  // false
Number.isSafeInteger(3.1);                  // false
Number.isSafeInteger(3.0);                  // true

Polyfill

Number.isSafeInteger = Number.isSafeInteger || function (value) {
   return Number.isInteger(value) && Math.abs(value) <= Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER;
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Number.isSafeInteger' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Number.isSafeInteger' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeFirefoxEdgeInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic Support(Yes)32(Yes)(No)(Yes)10
FeatureAndroidChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic Support(Yes)(Yes)(Yes)32(No)(Yes)(Yes)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: fscholz,