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    Document.caretPositionFromPoint()

    This method is used to retrieve the caret position in a document based on two coordinates. A CaretPosition is returned, containing the found DOM node and the character offset in that node.

    Syntax

    var cp = document.caretPositionFromPoint(float x, float y);
    

    Parameters

    x
    Horizontal point on the current viewport where to determine the caret position.
    y
    Vertical point on the current viewport at where to determine the caret position.

    Return value

    A CaretPosition. Null, if x or y are negative or greater than the viewport.

    Example

    Basic demo: When clicking in a paragraph insert a line break at the caret position:

    HTML Content

    <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr,
    sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat,
    sed diam voluptua. At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum.
    Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.</p>

    JavaScript Content

    function insertBreakAtPoint(e) {
    
        var range;
        var textNode;
        var offset;
    
        // standard
        if (document.caretPositionFromPoint) {
            range = document.caretPositionFromPoint(e.clientX, e.clientY);
            textNode = range.offsetNode;
            offset = range.offset;
            
        // WebKit
        } else if (document.caretRangeFromPoint) {
            range = document.caretRangeFromPoint(e.clientX, e.clientY);
            textNode = range.startContainer;
            offset = range.startOffset;
        }
    
        // only split TEXT_NODEs
        if (textNode.nodeType == 3) {
            var replacement = textNode.splitText(offset);
            var br = document.createElement('br');
            textNode.parentNode.insertBefore(br, replacement);
        }
    }
    
    var paragraphs = document.getElementsByTagName("p");
    for (i=0 ; i < paragraphs.length; i++) {
        paragraphs[i].addEventListener("click", insertBreakAtPoint, false);
    }

    Demo

    Specifications

    Specification Status Comment
    CSS Object Model (CSSOM) View Module
    The definition of 'caretPositionFromPoint' in that specification.
    Working Draft  

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
    Basic support Not supported
    See below
    20.0 (20.0) Not supported Not supported Not supported
    See below.
    Feature Android Firefox Mobile IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Basic support Not supported 20.0 (20.0)
     
    Not supported Not supported Not supported

    Gecko-specific notes

    WebKit-specific notes

    • WebKit (Safari 5, Chrome) implements document.caretRangeFromPoint(x,y) from an older W3C draft. Also, note that a Range is returned.

    Trident-specific notes

    • For MS Internet Explorer the proprietary method TextRange.moveToPoint(x,y) might be helpful.

    See also

    Document Tags and Contributors

    Contributors to this page: Sheppy, Nmaier, fscholz, Cobra, kscarfone, teoli
    Last updated by: teoli,