Features gated by user activation
To ensure applications are unable to abuse APIs that can create bad user experience when the behavior is not desired, some APIs can only be used when the user is in an "active interaction" state, meaning the user is currently interacting with the web page, or has interacted with the page at least once. Browsers limit access to sensitive APIs like popups, fullscreen, or vibration APIs to active user interactions to prevent malicious scripts from abusing these features. This page lists web platform features available only after user activation.
A user activation either implies that the user is currently interacting with the page, or has completed an interaction since page load. Typically, this is a click on a button or some other user interaction with the UI.
More precisely, an activation triggering input event is an event which:
- has the
isTrustedattribute set to
- is an event of the following types:
keydown(except for the Esc key nor a shortcut key reserved by the user agent)
pointerTypeis not "mouse")
If an activation has been triggered, the user agent differentiates between two types of user activation window states: sticky and transient.
Transient activation is a window state that indicates a user has recently pressed a button, moved a mouse, used a menu, or performed some other user interaction. Transient activation expires after a timeout (if not renewed by further interaction) and may also be consumed by some APIs (like
APIs that require transient activation (list is not exhaustive):
Sticky activation is a window state that indicates a user has pressed a button, moved a mouse, used a menu, or performed some other user interaction. It is not reset after it has been set initially (unlike transient activation).
APIs that require sticky activation (not exhaustive):
- Autoplay of Media and Web Audio APIs (in particular for
To programmatically determine if a window has either sticky or transient user activation, the
UserActivation API provides two properties which are available using
UserActivation.hasBeenActiveindicates whether the window has sticky user activation.
UserActivation.isActiveindicates whether the window has transient user activation.