HID.requestDevice()

Secure context

This feature is available only in secure contexts (HTTPS), in some or all supporting browsers.

The requestDevice() method of the HID interface requests access to a HID device.

The user agent will present a permission dialog including a list of connected devices, and ask the user to select and grant permission to one of these devices.

Syntax

HID.requestDevice(options);

Parameters

options
An object containing an array of filter objects for possible devices to pair with. Each filter object can have the following properties:
vendorIdOptional
An integer representing the vendorId of the requested HID device
productIdOptional
An integer representing the productId of the requested HID device.
usagePageOptional

An integer representing the usage page component of the HID usage of the requested device. The usage for a top level collection is used to identify the device type.

Standard HID usage values can be found in the HID Usage Tables document

usageOptional
An integer representing the usage ID component of the HID usage of the requested device.

Note:

The device filters are used to narrow the list of devices presented to the user. If no filters are present, all connected devices are shown. When one or more filters are included, a device is included if any filter matches. To match a filter, all of the rules included in that filter must match.

Return value

A Promise that resolves with an array of connected HIDDevice objects that match the filters passed in.

Exceptions

DOMException SecurityError
Thrown if the page does not allow access to the HID feature.

Examples

Matching a device with all four filter rules

In the following example a HID device is requested that has a vendor ID of 0xABCD, product ID of 0x1234, usage page 0x0C and usage ID 0x01. Only devices that match all of these rules will be shown.

let requestButton = document.getElementById("request-hid-device");
  requestButton.addEventListener("click", async () => {
    let device;
    try {
      const devices = await navigator.hid.requestDevice({
        filters: [
          {
            vendorId: 0xabcd,
            productId: 0x1234,
            usagePage: 0x0c,
            usage: 0x01,
          },
        ],
      });
      device = devices[0];
    } catch (error) {
      console.log("An error occurred.");
    }

    if (!device) {
      console.log("No device was selected.");
    } else {
      console.log(`HID: ${device.productName}`);
    }
  });

An example with two filters

This next example includes two filters. Devices will be shown if they match either of these filters.

// Filter on devices with the Nintendo Switch Joy-Con USB Vendor/Product IDs.
  const filters = [
    {
      vendorId: 0x057e, // Nintendo Co., Ltd
      productId: 0x2006 // Joy-Con Left
    },
    {
      vendorId: 0x057e, // Nintendo Co., Ltd
      productId: 0x2007 // Joy-Con Right
    }
  ];

  // Prompt user to select a Joy-Con device.
  const [device] = await navigator.hid.requestDevice({ filters });

Specifications

Specification
WebHID API
# dom-hid-requestdevice

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser