TypedArray.prototype.map()

The map() method creates a new typed array with the results of calling a provided function on every element in this typed array. This method has the same algorithm as Array.prototype.map(). TypedArray is one of the typed array types here.

Syntax

typedarray.map(callback[, thisArg])

Parameters

callback
Function that produces an element of the new typed array, taking three arguments:
currentValue
The current element being processed in the typed array.
index
The index of the current element being processed in the typed array.
array
The typed array map was called upon.
thisArg
Optional. Value to use as this when executing callback.

Return value

A new typed array.

Description

The map method calls a provided callback function once for each element in a typed array, in order, and constructs a new typed array from the results. callback is invoked only for indexes of the typed array which have assigned values; it is not invoked for indexes that are undefined, those which have been deleted or which have never been assigned values.

callback is invoked with three arguments: the value of the element, the index of the element, and the typed array object being traversed.

If a thisArg parameter is provided to map, it will be passed to callback when invoked, for use as its this value. Otherwise, the value undefined will be passed for use as its this value. The this value ultimately observable by callback is determined according to the usual rules for determining the this seen by a function.

map does not mutate the typed array on which it is called (although callback, if invoked, may do so).

The range of elements processed by map is set before the first invocation of callback. Elements which are appended to the array after the call to map begins will not be visited by callback. If existing elements of the typed array are changed, or deleted, their value as passed to callback will be the value at the time map visits them; elements that are deleted are not visited.

Examples

Mapping a typed array to a typed array of square roots

The following code takes a typed array and creates a new typed array containing the square roots of the numbers in the first typed array.

var numbers = new Uint8Array([1, 4, 9]);
var roots = numbers.map(Math.sqrt);
// roots is now: Uint8Array [1, 2, 3], 
// numbers is still Uint8Array [1, 4, 9]

Mapping a typed array of numbers using a function containing an argument

The following code shows how map works when a function requiring one argument is used with it. The argument will automatically be assigned to each element of the typed array as map loops through the original typed array.

var numbers = new Uint8Array([1, 4, 9]);
var doubles = numbers.map(function(num) {
  return num * 2;
});
// doubles is now Uint8Array [2, 8, 18]
// numbers is still Uint8Array [1, 4, 9]

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'TypedArray.prototype.map' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'TypedArray.prototype.map' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) 38 (38) No support No support No support
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support No support No support 38.0 (38) No support No support No support

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: fscholz, birdsarah, eduardoboucas, isiahmeadows
 Last updated by: fscholz,