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RegExp.prototype[@@match]()

The [@@match]() method retrieves the matches when matching a string against a regular expression.

Syntax

regexp[Symbol.match](str)

Parameters

str
A String that is a target of the match.

Return value

An Array containing the entire match result and any parentheses-captured matched results, or null if there were no matches.

Description

This method is called internally in String.prototype.match(). For example, the following two examples return same result.

'abc'.match(/a/);

/a/[Symbol.match]('abc');

This method exists for customizing match behavior within RegExp subclasses.

Examples

Direct call

This method can be used in almost the same way as String.prototype.match(), except the different this and the different arguments order.

var re = /[0-9]+/g;
var str = '2016-01-02';
var result = re[Symbol.match](str);
console.log(result);  // ["2016", "01", "02"]

Using @@match in subclasses

Subclasses of RegExp can override the [@@match]() method to modify the default behavior.

class MyRegExp extends RegExp {
  [Symbol.match](str) {
    var result = RegExp.prototype[Symbol.match].call(this, str);
    if (!result) return null;
    return {
      group(n) {
        return result[n];
      }
    };
  }
}

var re = new MyRegExp('([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)');
var str = '2016-01-02';
var result = str.match(re); // String.prototype.match calls re[@@match].
console.log(result.group(1)); // 2016
console.log(result.group(2)); // 01
console.log(result.group(3)); // 02

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'RegExp.prototype[@@match]' in that specification.
Standard Initial defintion.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'RegExp.prototype[@@match]' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) 49 (49) No support (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) 49.0 (49) No support (Yes) (Yes)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: Sebastianz, fscholz, h4writer, arai
 Last updated by: Sebastianz,