The sticky property reflects whether or not the search is sticky (searches in strings only from the index indicated by the lastIndex property of this regular expression). sticky is a read-only property of an individual regular expression object.

Property attributes of RegExp.prototype.sticky
Writable no
Enumerable no
Configurable yes

Description

The value of sticky is a Boolean and true if the "y" flag was used; otherwise, false. The "y" flag indicates that it matches only from the index indicated by the lastIndex property of this regular expression in the target string (and does not attempt to match from any later indexes).

You cannot change this property directly. It is read-only.

Examples

Using a regular expression with the sticky flag

var str = '#foo#';
var regex = /foo/y;

regex.lastIndex = 1;
regex.test(str); // true
regex.lastIndex = 5;
regex.test(str); // false (lastIndex is taken into account with sticky flag)
regex.lastIndex; // 0 (reset after match failure)

Anchored sticky flag

For several versions, Firefox's SpiderMonkey engine had a bug with regard to the ^ assertion and the sticky flag which allowed expressions starting with the ^ assertion and using the sticky flag to match when they shouldn't. The bug was introduced some time after Firefox 3.6 (which had the sticky flag but not the bug) and fixed in 2015. Perhaps because of the bug, the ES2015 specification specifically calls out the fact that:

When the y flag is used with a pattern, ^ always matches only at the beginning of the input, or (if multiline is true) at the beginning of a line.

Examples of correct behavior:

var regex = /^foo/y;
regex.lastIndex = 2;
regex.test("..foo");   // false - index 2 is not the beginning of the string

var regex2 = /^foo/my;
regex2.lastIndex = 2;
regex2.test("..foo");  // false - index 2 is not the beginning of the string or line
regex2.lastIndex = 2;
regex2.test(".\nfoo"); // true - index 2 is the beginning of a line

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'RegExp.prototype.sticky' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'RegExp.prototype.sticky' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 49 13 3.0 (1.9) No support 36 10
Prototype accessor property ? (Yes) 38 (38) No support ? ?
Anchored sticky(y) flag behavior per ES2015 ? (Yes) 44 (44) No support ? ?
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support No support 49 1.0 (1.9) No support (Yes) 10
Prototype accessor property No support ? 38.0 (38) No support ? ?
Anchored sticky(y) flag behavior per ES2015 No support ? 44.0 (44) No support ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: valtlai,