WaveShaperNode.curve

The curve property of the WaveShaperNode interface is a Float32Array of numbers describing the distortion to apply.

The mid-element of the array is applied to any signal value of 0, the first one to signal values of -1, and the last to signal values of 1; values lower than -1 or greater than 1 are treated like -1 or 1 respectively.

If necessary, intermediate values of the distortion curve are linearly interpolated.

Note: The array can be a null value: in that case, no distortion is applied to the input signal.

Syntax

var audioCtx = new AudioContext();
var distortion = audioCtx.createWaveShaper();
distortion.curve = myCurveDataArray; // myCurveDataArray is a Float32Array

Value

A Float32Array.

Example

The following example shows basic usage of an AudioContext to create a wave shaper node. For applied examples/information, check out our Voice-change-O-matic demo (see app.js for relevant code).

Note: Sigmoid functions are commonly used for distortion curves because of their natural properties. Their S-shape, for instance, helps create a smoother sounding result. We found the below distortion curve code on Stack Overflow.

var audioCtx = new (window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext)();
var distortion = audioCtx.createWaveShaper();

  ...

function makeDistortionCurve(amount) {
  var k = typeof amount === 'number' ? amount : 50,
    n_samples = 44100,
    curve = new Float32Array(n_samples),
    deg = Math.PI / 180,
    i = 0,
    x;
  for ( ; i < n_samples; ++i ) {
    x = i * 2 / n_samples - 1;
    curve[i] = ( 3 + k ) * x * 20 * deg / ( Math.PI + k * Math.abs(x) );
  }
  return curve;
};

  ...

distortion.curve = makeDistortionCurve(400);
distortion.oversample = '4x';

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Web Audio API
The definition of 'curve' in that specification.
Working Draft  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 14Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 25IE No support NoOpera Full support 15Safari Full support 6WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support 18Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 26Opera Android Full support 15Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: fscholz, erikadoyle, chrisdavidmills
Last updated by: fscholz,