VideoTrack

The VideoTrack interface represents a single video track from a <video> element. The most common use for accessing a VideoTrack object is to toggle its selected property in order to make it the active video track for its <video> element.

Properties

selected
A Boolean value which controls whether or not the video track is active. Only a single video track can be active at any given time, so setting this property to true for one track while another track is active will make that other track inactive.
id Read only
A DOMString which uniquely identifies the track within the media. This ID can be used to locate a specific track within a video track list by calling VideoTrackList.getTrackById(). The ID can also be used as the fragment part of the URL if the media supports seeking by media fragment per the Media Fragments URI specification.
kind Read only
A DOMString specifying the category into which the track falls. For example, the main video track would have a kind of "main".
label Read only
A DOMString providing a human-readable label for the track. For example, a track whose kind is "sign" might have a label of "A sign-language interpretation". This string is empty if no label is provided.
language Read only
A DOMString specifying the video track's primary language, or an empty string if unknown. The language is specified as a BCP 47 (RFC 5646) language code, such as "en-US" or "pt-BR".
sourceBuffer Read only
The SourceBuffer that created the track. Returns null if the track was not created by a SourceBuffer or the SourceBuffer has been removed from the MediaSource.sourceBuffers attribute of its parent media source.

Usage notes

To get a VideoTrack for a given media element, use the element's videoTracks property, which returns a VideoTrackList object from which you can get the individual tracks contained in the media:

var el = document.querySelector("video");
var tracks = el.videoTracks;

You can then access the media's individual tracks using either array syntax or functions such as forEach().

This first example gets the first video track on the media:

var firstTrack = tracks[0];

The next example scans through all of the media's video tracks, activating the first video track that is in the user's preferred language (taken from a variable userLanguage).

for (var i = 0; i < tracks.length; i++) {
  if (tracks[i].language === userLanguage) {
    tracks[i].selected = true;
    break;
  }
});

The language is in standard (RFC 5646) format. For US English, this would be "en-US", for example.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'VideoTrack' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
VideoTrackChrome Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 79
Disabled
Full support 79
Disabled
Disabled From version 79: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
No support 12 — 79
Firefox Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari iOS Full support 7Samsung Internet Android No support No
idChrome Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 79
Disabled
Full support 79
Disabled
Disabled From version 79: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
No support 12 — 79
Firefox Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari iOS Full support 7Samsung Internet Android No support No
kindChrome Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 79
Disabled
Full support 79
Disabled
Disabled From version 79: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
No support 12 — 79
Firefox Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari iOS Full support 7Samsung Internet Android No support No
labelChrome Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 79
Disabled
Full support 79
Disabled
Disabled From version 79: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
No support 12 — 79
Firefox Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari iOS Full support 7Samsung Internet Android No support No
languageChrome Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 79
Disabled
Full support 79
Disabled
Disabled From version 79: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
No support 12 — 79
Firefox Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari iOS Full support 7Samsung Internet Android No support No
selectedChrome Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 79
Disabled
Full support 79
Disabled
Disabled From version 79: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
No support 12 — 79
Firefox Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 37
Disabled
Full support 37
Disabled
Disabled From version 37: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android Full support 33
Disabled
Full support 33
Disabled
Disabled From version 33: this feature is behind the media.track.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 24
Disabled
Full support 24
Disabled
Disabled From version 24: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari iOS Full support 7Samsung Internet Android No support No
sourceBufferChrome Full support 51
Disabled
Full support 51
Disabled
Disabled From version 51: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Edge Full support 79
Disabled
Full support 79
Disabled
Disabled From version 79: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
No support 12 — 79
Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera Full support 38
Disabled
Full support 38
Disabled
Disabled From version 38: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 51
Disabled
Full support 51
Disabled
Disabled From version 51: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled). To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.
Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android Full support 41
Disabled
Full support 41
Disabled
Disabled From version 41: this feature is behind the enable-experimental-web-platform-features preference (needs to be set to enabled).
Safari iOS Full support 7Samsung Internet Android No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.