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SourceBuffer

This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for the proper prefixes to use in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the spec changes.

The SourceBuffer interface represents a chunk of media to be passed into an HTMLMediaElement and played, via a MediaSource object. This can be made up of one or several media segments.

Properties

Inherits properties from its parent interface, EventTarget.

SourceBuffer.mode
Controls how the order of media segments in the SourceBuffer is handled, in terms of whether they can be appended in any order, or they have to be kept in a strict sequence.
SourceBuffer.updating Read only
Indicates whether the SourceBuffer is currently being updated — i.e. whether an SourceBuffer.appendBuffer(), SourceBuffer.appendStream(), or SourceBuffer.remove() operation is currently in progress.
SourceBuffer.buffered Read only
Returns the time ranges that are currently buffered in the SourceBuffer.
SourceBuffer.timestampOffset
Controls the offset applied to timestamps inside media segments that are subsequently appended to the SourceBuffer.
SourceBuffer.audioTracks Read only
A list of the audio tracks currently contained inside the SourceBuffer.
SourceBuffer.videoTracks Read only
A list of the video tracks currently contained inside the SourceBuffer.
SourceBuffer.textTracks Read only
A list of the text tracks currently contained inside the SourceBuffer.
SourceBuffer.appendWindowStart
Controls the timestamp for the start of the append window. This is a timestamp range that can be used to filter what media data is appended to the SourceBuffer. Coded media frames with timestamps wthin this range will be appended, whereas those outside the range will be filtered out.
SourceBuffer.appendWindowEnd
Controls the timestamp for the end of the append window.
SourceBuffer.trackDefaults
Specifies the default values to use if kind, label, and/or language information is not available in the initialization segment of the media to be appended to the SourceBuffer.

Methods

Inherits properties from its parent interface, EventTarget.

SourceBuffer.appendBuffer()
Appends media segment data from an ArrayBuffer or ArrayBufferView object to the SourceBuffer.
SourceBuffer.appendStream()
Appends media segment data from a ReadableStream object to the SourceBuffer.
SourceBuffer.abort()
Aborts the current segment and resets the segment parser.
SourceBuffer.remove()
Removes media segments within a specific time range from the SourceBuffer.

Examples

The following simple example loads a video chunk by chunk as fast as possible, playing it as soon as it can. This example was written by Nick Desaulniers and can be viewed live here (you can also download the source for further investigation.)

var video = document.querySelector('video');

var assetURL = 'frag_bunny.mp4';
// Need to be specific for Blink regarding codecs
// ./mp4info frag_bunny.mp4 | grep Codec
var mimeCodec = 'video/mp4; codecs="avc1.42E01E, mp4a.40.2"';

if ('MediaSource' in window && MediaSource.isTypeSupported(mimeCodec)) {
  var mediaSource = new MediaSource;
  //console.log(mediaSource.readyState); // closed
  video.src = URL.createObjectURL(mediaSource);
  mediaSource.addEventListener('sourceopen', sourceOpen);
} else {
  console.error('Unsupported MIME type or codec: ', mimeCodec);
}

function sourceOpen (_) {
  //console.log(this.readyState); // open
  var mediaSource = this;
  var sourceBuffer = mediaSource.addSourceBuffer(mimeCodec);
  fetchAB(assetURL, function (buf) {
    sourceBuffer.addEventListener('updateend', function (_) {
      mediaSource.endOfStream();
      video.play();
      //console.log(mediaSource.readyState); // ended
    });
    sourceBuffer.appendBuffer(buf);
  });
}

function fetchAB (url, cb) {
  console.log(url);
  var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest;
  xhr.open('get', url);
  xhr.responseType = 'arraybuffer';
  xhr.onload = function () {
    cb(xhr.response);
  };
  xhr.send();
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Media Source Extensions
The definition of 'SourceBuffer' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 23 25.0 (25.0)[1]
42.0 (42.0)
11[2] 15 8
trackDefaults and appendStream() ? Not supported ? ? ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 4.4.4

Not supported

Not supported 11 30 Not supported
trackDefaults and appendStream() ? Not supported Not supported ? ? Not supported

[1] Available after switching the about:config preference media.mediasource.enabled to true. In addition, support was limited to a whitelist of sites, for example YouTube, Netflix, and other popular streaming sites. The whitelist was removed and Media Source Extensions was enabled by default in 42+ for all sites.

[2] Only works on Windows 8+.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: AlexChuev, chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: AlexChuev,