Limited availability

This feature is not Baseline because it does not work in some of the most widely-used browsers.

The VideoTrackList interface is used to represent a list of the video tracks contained within a <video> element, with each track represented by a separate VideoTrack object in the list.

Retrieve an instance of this object with HTMLMediaElement.videoTracks. The individual tracks can be accessed using array syntax or functions such as forEach() for example.

EventTarget VideoTrackList

Instance properties

This interface also inherits properties from its parent interface, EventTarget.

length Read only

The number of tracks in the list.

selectedIndex Read only

The index of the currently selected track, if any, or −1 otherwise.

Instance methods

This interface also inherits methods from its parent interface, EventTarget.


Returns the VideoTrack found within the VideoTrackList whose id matches the specified string. If no match is found, null is returned.



Fired when a new video track has been added to the media element. Also available via the onaddtrack property.


Fired when a video track has been made active or inactive. Also available via the onchange property.


Fired when a new video track has been removed from the media element. Also available via the onremovetrack property.

Usage notes

In addition to being able to obtain direct access to the video tracks present on a media element, VideoTrackList lets you set event handlers on the addtrack and removetrack events, so that you can detect when tracks are added to or removed from the media element's stream.


Getting a media element's video track list

To get a media element's VideoTrackList, use its videoTracks property.

const videoTracks = document.querySelector("video").videoTracks;

Monitoring track count changes

In this example, we have an app that displays information about the number of channels available. To keep it up to date, handlers for the addtrack and removetrack events are set up.

videoTracks.onaddtrack = updateTrackCount;
videoTracks.onremovetrack = updateTrackCount;

function updateTrackCount(event) {
  trackCount = videoTracks.length;


HTML Standard
# audiotracklist-and-videotracklist-objects

Browser compatibility

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