IDBObjectStore.index()

The index() method of the IDBObjectStore interface opens a named index in the current object store, after which it can be used to, for example, return a series of records sorted by that index using a cursor. 

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Syntax

var index = objectStore.index(name);

Parameters

name
The name of the index to open.

Return value

An IDBIndex object for accessing the index.

Exceptions

This method may raise a DOMException of one of the following types:

Exception Description
InvalidStateError The source object store has been deleted, or the transaction for the object store has finished.
NotFoundError There is no index with the given name (case-sensitive) in the database.
 

Example

In the following example we open a transaction and an object store, then get the index lName from a simple contacts database. We then open a basic cursor on the index using IDBIndex.openCursor — this works the same as opening a cursor directly on an ObjectStore using IDBObjectStore.openCursor except that the returned records are sorted based on the index, not the primary key.

Finally, we iterate through each record, and insert the data into an HTML table. For a complete working example, see our IDBIndex-example demo repo (View the example live.)

function displayDataByIndex() {
  tableEntry.innerHTML = '';
  var transaction = db.transaction(['contactsList'], 'readonly');
  var objectStore = transaction.objectStore('contactsList');

  var myIndex = objectStore.index('lName'); 
  myIndex.openCursor().onsuccess = function(event) {
    var cursor = event.target.result;
    if(cursor) {
      var tableRow = document.createElement('tr');
      tableRow.innerHTML =   '<td>' + cursor.value.id + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.lName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.fName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.jTitle + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.company + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.eMail + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.phone + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.age + '</td>';
      tableEntry.appendChild(tableRow);  

      cursor.continue();
    } else {
      console.log('Entries all displayed.');    
    }
  };
};

Specification

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'index()' in that specification.
Recommendation  
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'index()' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support

24

23 — 57 webkit

12

16

10 — 16 moz

101157
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support

24

23 — 57 webkit

24

23 — 57 webkit

Yes22228

Yes

Yes — 7.0 webkit

1. partial

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: fscholz, jpmedley, libbymc, inexorabletash, chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: fscholz,