The IDBRequest interface of the IndexedDB API provides access to results of asynchronous requests to databases and database objects using event handler attributes. Each reading and writing operation on a database is done using a request.

The request object does not initially contain any information about the result of the operation, but once information becomes available, an event is fired on the request, and the information becomes available through the properties of the IDBRequest instance.

All asynchronous operations immediately return an IDBRequest instance. Each request has a readyState that is set to the 'pending' state; this changes to 'done' when the request is completed or fails. When the state is set to done, every request returns a result and an error, and an event is fired on the request. When the state is still pending, any attempt to access the result or error raises an InvalidStateError exception.

In plain words, all asynchronous methods return a request object. If the request has been completed successfully, the result is made available through the result property and an event indicating success is fired at the request (IDBRequest.onsuccess). If an error occurs while performing the operation, the exception is made available through the result property and an error event is fired (IDBRequest.onerror).

The interface IDBOpenDBRequest is derived from IDBRequest.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Properties

Also inherits properties from EventTarget.

IDBRequest.error Read only
Returns a DOMException in the event of an unsuccessful request, indicating what went wrong.
IDBRequest.result Read only

Returns the result of the request. If the the request failed and the result is not available, an InvalidStateError exception is thrown.

IDBRequest.source Read only
The source of the request, such as an IDBIndex or an IDBObjectStore. If no source exists (such as when calling IDBFactory.open), it returns null.
IDBRequest.readyState Read only
The state of the request. Every request starts in the pending state. The state changes to done when the request completes successfully or when an error occurs.
IDBRequest.transaction Read only
The transaction for the request. This property can be null for certain requests, for example those returned from IDBFactory.open unless an upgrade is needed. (You're just connecting to a database, so there is no transaction to return).

Event handlers

IDBRequest.onerror
The event handler for the error event.
IDBRequest.onsuccess
The event handler for the success event.

Methods

No methods, but inherits methods from EventTarget.

Example

In the following code snippet, we open a database asynchronously and make a request; onerror and onsuccess functions are included to handle the success and error cases. For a full working example, see our To-do Notifications app (view example live.)

var db;

// Let us open our database
var DBOpenRequest = window.indexedDB.open("toDoList", 4);

// these two event handlers act on the database being
// opened successfully, or not
DBOpenRequest.onerror = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
};

DBOpenRequest.onsuccess = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Database initialised.</li>';
 
  // store the result of opening the database.
  db = DBOpenRequest.result;
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'IDBRequest' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'IDBRequest' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 2 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Available in workersChrome Full support YesEdge ? Firefox Full support 37IE ? Opera Full support YesSafari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 37Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
errorChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
onerrorChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
Full support 23
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
onsuccessChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
Full support 23
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
readyStateChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
Full support 23
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
resultChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
Full support 23
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
sourceChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
Full support 23
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
transactionChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
Full support 23
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 22Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: fscholz,