IDBOpenDBRequest

The IDBOpenDBRequest interface of the IndexedDB API provides access to the results of requests to open or delete databases (performed using IDBFactory.open and IDBFactory.deleteDatabase), using specific event handler attributes.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers

Properties

Also inherits methods from its parents IDBRequest and EventTarget.

Methods

No methods, but inherits methods from its parents IDBRequest and EventTarget.

Events

Listen to these events using addEventListener() or by assigning an event listener to the oneventname property of this interface.

blocked
Fired when an open connection to a database is blocking a versionchange transaction on the same database. Also available via the onblocked property.
upgradeneeded
Fired when an attempt was made to open a database with a version number higher than its current version. Also available via the onupgradeneeded property.

Example

In the following example you can see the onupgradeneeded handler being used to update the database structure if a database with a higher version number is loaded. For a full working example, see our To-do Notifications app (view example live.)

var db;

// Let us open our database
var DBOpenRequest = window.indexedDB.open("toDoList", 4);

// these event handlers act on the database being opened.
DBOpenRequest.onerror = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
};

DBOpenRequest.onsuccess = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Database initialised.</li>';

  // store the result of opening the database in the db
  // variable. This is used a lot below
  db = DBOpenRequest.result;

  // Run the displayData() function to populate the task
  // listwith all the to-do list data already in the IDB
  displayData();
};

// This event handles the event whereby a new version of
// the database needs to be created Either one has not
// been created before, or a new version number has been
// submitted via the window.indexedDB.open line above
// it is only implemented in recent browsers
DBOpenRequest.onupgradeneeded = function(event) {
  var db = this.result;

  db.onerror = function(event) {
    note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
  };

  // Create an objectStore for this database
  var objectStore = db.createObjectStore("toDoList", { keyPath: "taskTitle" });

  // define what data items the objectStore will contain

  objectStore.createIndex("hours", "hours", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("minutes", "minutes", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("day", "day", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("month", "month", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("year", "year", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("notified", "notified", { unique: false });
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'IDBOpenDBRequest' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'IDBOpenDBRequest' in that specification.
Recommendation

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also