IDBOpenDBRequest

The IDBOpenDBRequest interface of the IndexedDB API provides access to the results of requests to open or delete databases (performed using IDBFactory.open and IDBFactory.deleteDatabase), using specific event handler attributes.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Properties

Also inherits methods from its parents IDBRequest and EventTarget.

Methods

No methods, but inherits methods from its parents IDBRequest and EventTarget.

Events

Listen to these events using addEventListener() or by assigning an event listener to the oneventname property of this interface.

blocked
Fired when an open connection to a database is blocking a versionchange transaction on the same database. Also available via the onblocked property.
upgradeneeded
Fired when an attempt was made to open a database with a version number higher than its current version. Also available via the onupgradeneeded property.

Example

In the following example you can see the onupgradeneeded handler being used to update the database structure if a database with a higher version number is loaded. For a full working example, see our To-do Notifications app (view example live.)

var db;

// Let us open our database
var DBOpenRequest = window.indexedDB.open("toDoList", 4);

// these event handlers act on the database being opened.
DBOpenRequest.onerror = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
};

DBOpenRequest.onsuccess = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Database initialised.</li>';
 
  // store the result of opening the database in the db
  // variable. This is used a lot below
  db = DBOpenRequest.result;
 
  // Run the displayData() function to populate the task
  // listwith all the to-do list data already in the IDB
  displayData();
};

// This event handles the event whereby a new version of
// the database needs to be created Either one has not
// been created before, or a new version number has been
// submitted via the window.indexedDB.open line above
// it is only implemented in recent browsers
DBOpenRequest.onupgradeneeded = function(event) {
  var db = this.result;
 
  db.onerror = function(event) {
    note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';
  };

  // Create an objectStore for this database   
  var objectStore = db.createObjectStore("toDoList", { keyPath: "taskTitle" });

  // define what data items the objectStore will contain
    
  objectStore.createIndex("hours", "hours", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("minutes", "minutes", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("day", "day", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("month", "month", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("year", "year", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("notified", "notified", { unique: false });
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'IDBOpenDBRequest' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition
Indexed Database API Draft
The definition of 'IDBOpenDBRequest' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
IDBOpenDBRequestChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Firefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
blocked eventChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Firefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
onblockedChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Firefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
onupgradeneededChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Firefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
upgradeneeded eventChrome Full support 24
Full support 24
No support 23 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
No support 10 — 16
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: moz
IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes partial
Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 7WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Chrome Android Full support 25
Full support 25
No support 25 — 57
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Firefox Android Full support 22Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 8Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support ? — 7.0
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: webkit
Available in workersChrome Full support YesEdge ? Firefox Full support 37IE ? Opera Full support YesSafari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 37Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also