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IDBCursor

The IDBCursor interface of the IndexedDB API represents a cursor for traversing or iterating over multiple records in a database.

The cursor has a source that indicates which index or object store it is iterating over. It has a position within the range, and moves in a direction that is increasing or decreasing in the order of record keys. The cursor enables an application to asynchronously process all the records in the cursor's range.

You can have an unlimited number of cursors at the same time. You always get the same IDBCursor object representing a given cursor. Operations are performed on the underlying index or object store.

Methods

IDBCursor.advance
Sets the number times a cursor should move its position forward.
IDBCursor.continue
Advances the cursor to the next position along its direction, to the item whose key matches the optional key parameter.
IDBCursor.delete
Returns an IDBRequest object, and, in a separate thread, deletes the record at the cursor's position, without changing the cursor's position. This can be used to delete specific records.
IDBCursor.update
Returns an IDBRequest object, and, in a separate thread, updates the value at the current position of the cursor in the object store. This can be used to update specific records.

Properties

IDBCursor.source Read only
Returns the IDBObjectStore or IDBIndex that the cursor is iterating. This function never returns null or throws an exception, even if the cursor is currently being iterated, has iterated past its end, or its transaction is not active.
IDBCursor.direction Read only
Returns the direction of traversal of the cursor. See Constants for possible values.
IDBCursor.key Read only
Returns the key for the record at the cursor's position. If the cursor is outside its range, this is set to undefined. The cursor's key can be any data type.
IDBCursor.primaryKey Read only
Returns the cursor's current effective primary key. If the cursor is currently being iterated or has iterated outside its range, this is set to undefined. The cursor's primary key can be any data type.

Constants

Obsolete since Gecko 25 (Firefox 25 / Thunderbird 25 / SeaMonkey 2.22)
This feature is obsolete. Although it may still work in some browsers, its use is discouraged since it could be removed at any time. Try to avoid using it.

These constants are no longer available. You should use the string constants directly instead. (bug 891944)

  • NEXT : "next" : The cursor shows all records, including duplicates. It starts at the lower bound of the key range and moves upwards (monotonically increasing in the order of keys).
  • NEXTUNIQUE : "nextunique" : The cursor shows all records, excluding duplicates. If multiple records exist with the same key, only the first one iterated is retrieved. It starts at the lower bound of the key range and moves upwards.
  • PREV : "prev" : The cursor shows all records, including duplicates. It starts at the upper bound of the key range and moves downwards (monotonically decreasing in the order of keys).
  • PREVUNIQUE : "prevunique" : The cursor shows all records, excluding duplicates. If multiple records exist with the same key, only the first one iterated is retrieved. It starts at the upper bound of the key range and moves downwards.

Example

In this simple fragment we create a transaction, retrieve an object store, then use a cursor to iterate through all the records in the object store. The cursor does not require us to select the data based on a key; we can just grab all of it. Also note that in each iteration of the loop, you can grab data from the current record under the cursor object using cursor.value.foo. For a complete working example, see our IDBCursor example (view example live.)

function displayData() {
  var transaction = db.transaction(['rushAlbumList'], "readonly");
  var objectStore = transaction.objectStore('rushAlbumList');

  objectStore.openCursor().onsuccess = function(event) {
    var cursor = event.target.result;
    if(cursor) {
      var listItem = document.createElement('li');
      listItem.innerHTML = cursor.value.albumTitle + ', ' + cursor.value.year;
      list.appendChild(listItem);  

      cursor.continue();
    } else {
      console.log('Entries all displayed.');
    }
  };
};

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'cursor' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 23webkit
24
10 moz
16.0 (16.0)
10, partial 15 7.1
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 4.4 22.0 (22.0) 1.0.1 10 22 Not supported

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: teoli,