The deleteIndex() method of the IDBObjectStore interface destroys the index with the specified name in the connected database, used during a version upgrade.

Note that this method must be called only from a VersionChange transaction mode callback. Note that this method synchronously modifies the IDBObjectStore.indexNames property.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.






This method may raise a DOMException of one of the following types:

Exception Description
InvalidStateError Occurs if the method was not called from a versionchange transaction mode callback.
TransactionInactiveError Occurs if the transaction this IDBObjectStore belongs to is not active (e.g. has been deleted or removed.) In Firefox previous to version 41, an InvalidStateError was raised in this case as well, which was misleading; this has now been fixed (see bug 1176165.)
NotFoundError Occurs if there is no index with the given name (case-sensitive) in the database.


In the following example you can see the IDBOpenDBRequest.onupgradeneeded handler being used to update the database structure if a database with a higher version number is loaded. IDBObjectStore.createIndex is used to create new indexes on the object store, after which we delete the unneeded old indexes with deleteIndex().  For a full working example, see our To-do Notifications app (view example live.)

var db;

// Let us open our database
var DBOpenRequest ="toDoList", 4);

// these two event handlers act on the database being opened successfully, or not
DBOpenRequest.onerror = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';

DBOpenRequest.onsuccess = function(event) {
  note.innerHTML += '<li>Database initialised.</li>';
  // store the result of opening the database in the db variable. This is used a lot below
  db = request.result;
  // Run the displayData() function to populate the task list with all the to-do list data already in the IDB

// This event handles the event whereby a new version of the database needs to be created
// Either one has not been created before, or a new version number has been submitted via the
// line above
//it is only implemented in recent browsers
DBOpenRequest.onupgradeneeded = function(event) {
  var db =;
  db.onerror = function(event) {
    note.innerHTML += '<li>Error loading database.</li>';

  // Create an objectStore for this database   
  var objectStore = db.createObjectStore("toDoList", { keyPath: "taskTitle" });

  // define what data items the objectStore will contain
  objectStore.createIndex("hours", "hours", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("minutes", "minutes", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("day", "day", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("month", "month", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("year", "year", { unique: false });
  objectStore.createIndex("notified", "notified", { unique: false });




The name of the existing index to remove.
Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'deleteIndex()' in that specification.
Editor's Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 23webkit
10 moz
16.0 (16.0)
10, partial 15 7.1
Available in workers (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) ? (Yes) ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 4.4 22.0 (22.0) 1.0.1 10 22 8
Available in workers (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) (Yes) ? (Yes) ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: jpmedley, inexorabletash, chrisdavidmills, fscholz
 Last updated by: jpmedley,