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IDBIndex.openCursor()

The openCursor() method of the IDBIndex interface returns an IDBRequest object, and, in a separate thread, creates a cursor over the specified key range.

The method sets the position of the cursor to the appropriate record, based on the specified direction.

  • If the key range is not specified or is null, then the range includes all the records.
  • A success event is always fired on the result object.
    • If at least one record matches the key range then the result property of the event is set to the new IDBCursor object; the value of the cursor object is set to a structured clone of the referenced value.
    • If no records match the key range then then the result property of the event is set to null.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Syntax

var myIndex = objectStore.index('index');
var request = myIndex.openCursor(range,direction);

Returns

An IDBRequest object on which subsequent events related to this operation are fired.

Exceptions

This method may raise a DOMException of one of the following types:

Exception Description
TransactionInactiveError This IDBIndex's transaction is inactive.
TypeError The value for the direction parameter is invalid.
DataError

The key or key range provided contains an invalid key.

InvalidStateError The IDBIndex has been deleted or removed.

Example

In the following example we open a transaction and an object store, then get the index lName from a simple contacts database. We then open a basic cursor on the index using openCursor() — this works the same as opening a cursor directly on an ObjectStore using IDBObjectStore.openCursor except that the returned records are sorted based on the index, not the primary key.

Finally, we iterate through each record, and insert the data into an HTML table. For a complete working example, see our IDBIndex-example demo repo (View the example live.)

function displayDataByIndex() {
  tableEntry.innerHTML = '';
  var transaction = db.transaction(['contactsList'], 'readonly');
  var objectStore = transaction.objectStore('contactsList');

  var myIndex = objectStore.index('lName'); 

  myIndex.openCursor().onsuccess = function(event) {
    var cursor = event.target.result;
    if(cursor) {
      var tableRow = document.createElement('tr');
      tableRow.innerHTML =   '<td>' + cursor.value.id + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.lName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.fName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.jTitle + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.company + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.eMail + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.phone + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.age + '</td>';
      tableEntry.appendChild(tableRow);  

      cursor.continue();
    } else {
      console.log('Entries all displayed.');    
    }
  };
};

Parameters

range Optional
A key or IDBKeyRange to use as the cursor's range. If nothing is passed, this will default to a key range that selects all the records in this object store.
direction Optional
The cursor's direction. See IDBCursor Constants for possible values.

Specification

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'openCursor()' in that specification.
Editor's Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 23webkit
24
10 moz
16.0 (16.0)
10, partial 15 7.1
Available in workers (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) ? (Yes) ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 4.4 22.0 (22.0) 1.0.1 10 22 8
Available in workers (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) (Yes) ? (Yes) ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: jpmedley, inexorabletash, chrisdavidmills, fscholz, Bent
 Last updated by: jpmedley,