IDBObjectStore.delete()

The delete() method of the IDBObjectStore interface returns an IDBRequest object, and, in a separate thread, deletes the specified record or records.

Either a key or an IDBKeyRange can be passed, allowing one or multiple records to be deleted from a store. To delete all records in a store, use  IDBObjectStore.clear.

Bear in mind that if you are using a IDBCursor, you can use the IDBCursor.delete() method to more efficiently delete the current record ā€” without having to explicitly look up the record's key.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers

Syntax

var request = objectStore.delete(Key);

var request = objectStore.delete(KeyRange);

Parameters

Key

The key of the record to be deleted, or an IDBKeyRange to delete all records with keys in range.

Return value

An IDBRequest object on which subsequent events related to this operation are fired. The request.result attribute is set to undefined.

Exceptions

This method may raise a DOMException of the following types:

Exception Description
TransactionInactiveError This object store's transaction is inactive.
ReadOnlyError The object store's transaction mode is read-only.
InvalidStateError The object store has been deleted.
DataError The key is not a valid key or a key range.

Examples

The following code snippet shows the deleteItem() function, which is part of the To-do Notifications example app. This app stores to-do list items using IndexedDB. You can see the app's complete code on GitHub, and try out the app live.

The deleteItem() function is called when the user clicks the button to delete a to-do list item. The item key is set in the button's 'data-task' data attribute, so the function knows which item to delete. The function opens a database transaction in which to delete the item, supplying its key. When the transaction completes, the function updates the app UI to report that the item was deleted.

Note that in this function db is a global variable referring to an IDBDatabase object that is initialized when the app loads.

function deleteItem(event) {
  // retrieve the name of the task we want to delete
  let dataTask = event.target.getAttribute('data-task');

  // open a database transaction and delete the task, finding it by the name we retrieved above
  let transaction = db.transaction(["toDoList"], "readwrite");
  let request = transaction.objectStore("toDoList").delete(dataTask);

  // report that the data item has been deleted
  transaction.oncomplete = function() {
    // delete the parent of the button, which is the list item, so it no longer is displayed
    event.target.parentNode.parentNode.removeChild(event.target.parentNode);
    note.innerHTML += '<li>Task \"' + dataTask + '\" deleted.</li>';
  };
};

Specifications

Specification
Indexed Database API 3.0 (Indexed DB 3.0)
# ref-for-dom-idbobjectstore-deleteā‘ 

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also