DocumentFragment.querySelector()

The DocumentFragment.querySelector() method returns the first element, or null if no matches are found, within the DocumentFragment (using depth-first pre-order traversal of the document's nodes) that matches the specified group of selectors.

If the selector matches an ID and this ID is erroneously used several times in the document, it returns the first matching element.

If the selectors specified in parameter are invalid a DOMException with a SYNTAX_ERR value is raised.

Syntax

querySelector(selectors)

Parameters

selectors

A string containing one or more CSS selectors separated by commas.

Return value

An Element object representing the first element in the document that matches the specified set of CSS selectors, or null is returned if there are no matches.

Examples

Basic example

In this basic example, the first element in the DocumentFragment with the class "myclass" is returned:

const el = documentfragment.querySelector('.myclass');

CSS syntax and the method's argument

The string argument pass to querySelector must follow the CSS syntax. To match ID or selectors that do not follow the CSS syntax (by using semicolon or space inappropriately for example), it's mandatory to escape the wrong character with a double back slash:

<div id="foo\bar"></div>
<div id="foo:bar"></div>

<script>
  document.querySelector("#foo\bar"); // Does not match anything
  document.querySelector("#foo\\\\bar"); // Match the first div
  document.querySelector("#foo:bar"); // Does not match anything
  document.querySelector("#foo\\:bar"); // Match the second div
</script>

Specifications

Specification
DOM Standard
# ref-for-dom-parentnode-queryselector①

Browser compatibility

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See also