MDN wants to learn about developers like you:

Our volunteers haven't translated this article into Deutsch yet. Join us and help get the job done!
You can also read the article in English (US).

This is an experimental technology
Check the Browser compatibility table carefully before using this in production.

The ParentNode.prepend method inserts a set of Node objects or DOMString objects before the first child of the ParentNode. DOMString objects are inserted as equivalent Text nodes.




One or more nodes to insert before the first child node currently in the ParentNode. Each node can be specified as either a Node object or as a string; strings are inserted as new Text nodes.

Return value




Prepending an element

var parent = document.createElement("div");
var p = document.createElement("p");
var span = document.createElement("span");

console.log(parent.childNodes); // NodeList [ <span>, <p> ]

Prepending text

var parent = document.createElement("div");
parent.append("Some text");
parent.prepend("Headline: ");

console.log(parent.textContent); // "Headline: Some text"

Appending an element and text

var parent = document.createElement("div");
var p = document.createElement("p");
parent.prepend("Some text", p);

console.log(parent.childNodes); // NodeList [ #text "Some text", <p> ]

ParentNode.prepend() is unscopable

The prepend() method is not scoped into the with statement. See Symbol.unscopables for more information.

var parent = document.createElement("div");

with(parent) { 
// ReferenceError: prepend is not defined 


You can polyfill the prepend() method if it's not available:

// Source:
(function (arr) {
  arr.forEach(function (item) {
    if (item.hasOwnProperty('prepend')) {
    Object.defineProperty(item, 'prepend', {
      configurable: true,
      enumerable: true,
      writable: true,
      value: function prepend() {
        var argArr =,
          docFrag = document.createDocumentFragment();
        argArr.forEach(function (argItem) {
          var isNode = argItem instanceof Node;
          docFrag.appendChild(isNode ? argItem : document.createTextNode(String(argItem)));
        this.insertBefore(docFrag, this.firstChild);
})([Element.prototype, Document.prototype, DocumentFragment.prototype]);


Specification Status Comment
The definition of 'ParentNode.prepend()' in that specification.
Living Standard Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Edge Opera Safari
Basic support 54.0 49 (49) No support No support 39 10.0
Feature Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Edge Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support ? 49.0 (49) ? ? 39 10.2 54.0

See also

Schlagwörter des Dokuments und Mitwirkende

 Mitwirkende an dieser Seite: merih, stevenwdv, CollinGrimm, Sheppy, jszhou, jpmedley, fscholz
 Zuletzt aktualisiert von: merih,