Element.childElementCount

 

 Element.childElementCount 只读属性返回一个无符号长整型数字,表示给定元素的子元素数。

This property was initially defined in the ElementTraversal pure interface. As this interface contained two distinct set of properties, one aimed at Node that have children, one at those that are children, they have been moved into two separate pure interfaces, Element and ChildNode. In this case, childElementCount moved to Element. This is a fairly technical change that shouldn't affect compatibility.

 

语法

var count = node.childElementCount;
var elCount = elementNodeReference.childElementCount;
count
holds the return value an unsigned long (simply an integer) type.
node
is an object representing a DocumentDocumentFragment or Element.

例子

var foo = document.getElementById("foo");
if (foo.childElementCount > 0) {
    // do something
}

下例演示了一个元素节点的childElementCount属性以及children属性的用法。

<head>
    <script type="text/javascript">
        function GetChildCount () {
            var container = document.getElementById ("container");

            var childCount = 0;
            //如果支持 childElementCount 属性
            if ('childElementCount' in container) {
                childCount = container.childElementCount;
            }
            else {
            //如果支持 children 属性,IE6/7/8
            //译者注:没有判断 nodeType 是否为 1,可能包含注释节点。
                if (container.children) {
                    childCount = container.children.length;
                }
                else {  //,如果都不支持,Firefox 3.5 之前版本
                    var child = container.firstChild;
                    while (child) {
                        if (child.nodeType == 1 /*Node.ELEMENT_NODE*/) {
                            childCount++;
                        }
                        child = child.nextSibling;
                    }
                }
            }

            alert ("The number of child elements is " + childCount);
        }
    </script>
</head>
<body>
    <div id="container" style="width:300px; background-color:#a0d0e0;">
        Some text inside the container.
        <input type="text" size="40" value="a child element of the container" />
        <div>
            <div>a descendant element of the container</div>
            <div>another descendant element of the container</div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <br /><br />
    <button onclick="GetChildCount ();">Get the number of container's child elements</button>
</body>

 

浏览器兼容性

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规范

相关链接