get TypedArray[@@species]

The TypedArray[@@species] accessor property returns the constructor used to construct return values from typed array methods.

Warning: The existence of @@species allows execution of arbitrary code and may create security vulnerabilities. It also makes certain optimizations much harder. Engine implementers are investigating whether to remove this feature. Avoid relying on it if possible.



Return value

The value of the constructor (this) on which get @@species was called. The return value is used to construct return values from typed array methods that create new typed arrays.


The @@species accessor property returns the default constructor for typed array objects. Subclass constructors may override it to change the constructor assignment. The default implementation is basically:

// Hypothetical underlying implementation for illustration
class TypedArray {
  static get [Symbol.species]() {
    return this;

Because of this polymorphic implementation, @@species of derived subclasses would also return the constructor itself by default.

class SubTypedArray extends Int8Array {}
SubTypedArray[Symbol.species] === SubTypedArray; // true

When calling typed array methods that do not mutate the existing array but return a new array instance (for example, filter() and map()), the array's constructor[@@species] will be accessed. The returned constructor will be used to construct the return value of the typed array method.

However, unlike Array[@@species], when using @@species to create new typed arrays, the language will make sure that the newly created array is a proper typed array and has the same content type as the original array — for example, you can't create a BigInt64Array from a Float64Array, or create a non-BigInt array from a BigInt array. Doing so throws a TypeError.

class BadArray extends Int8Array {
  static get [Symbol.species]() {
    return Array;
new BadArray(1).map(() => 0); // TypeError: Method called on incompatible receiver [object Array]

class BadArray2 extends Int8Array {
  static get [Symbol.species]() {
    return BigInt64Array;
new BadArray2(1).map(() => 0n); // TypeError: constructed typed array of different content type from |this|

Note: Due to a bug in both SpiderMonkey and V8, the content type match is not checked. Only Safari will throw a TypeError in the second example.


Species in ordinary objects

The @@species property returns the default constructor function, which is one of the typed array constructors itself for any given typed array constructor.

Int8Array[Symbol.species]; // function Int8Array()
Uint8Array[Symbol.species]; // function Uint8Array()
Float32Array[Symbol.species]; // function Float32Array()

Species in derived objects

In an instance of a custom TypedArray subclass, such as MyTypedArray, the MyTypedArray species is the MyTypedArray constructor. However, you might want to overwrite this, in order to return a parent typed array object in your derived class methods:

class MyTypedArray extends Uint8Array {
  // Overwrite MyTypedArray species to the parent Uint8Array constructor
  static get [Symbol.species]() {
    return Uint8Array;


ECMAScript Language Specification
# sec-get-%typedarray%-@@species

Browser compatibility

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See also