SharedArrayBuffer() constructor

Note: The SharedArrayBuffer constructor may not always be globally available unless certain security requirements are met.

The SharedArrayBuffer() constructor creates SharedArrayBuffer objects.

Try it


new SharedArrayBuffer(length)
new SharedArrayBuffer(length, options)

Note: SharedArrayBuffer() can only be constructed with new. Attempting to call it without new throws a TypeError.



The size, in bytes, of the array buffer to create.

options Optional

An object, which can contain the following properties:

maxByteLength Optional

The maximum size, in bytes, that the shared array buffer can be resized to.

Return value

A new SharedArrayBuffer object of the specified size, with its maxByteLength property set to the specified maxByteLength if one was specified. Its contents are initialized to 0.


Always use the new operator to create a SharedArrayBuffer

SharedArrayBuffer constructors are required to be constructed with a new operator. Calling a SharedArrayBuffer constructor as a function without new will throw a TypeError.

const sab = SharedArrayBuffer(1024);
// TypeError: calling a builtin SharedArrayBuffer constructor
// without new is forbidden
const sab = new SharedArrayBuffer(1024);

Growing a growable SharedArrayBuffer

In this example, we create an 8-byte buffer that is growable to a max length of 16 bytes, then grow() it to 12 bytes:

const buffer = new SharedArrayBuffer(8, { maxByteLength: 16 });


Note: It is recommended that maxByteLength is set to the smallest value possible for your use case. It should never exceed 1073741824 (1GB), to reduce the risk of out-of-memory errors.


ECMAScript Language Specification
# sec-sharedarraybuffer-constructor

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also