ValidityState: typeMismatch property

Baseline 2023

Newly available

Since March 2023, this feature works across the latest devices and browser versions. This feature might not work in older devices or browsers.

The read-only typeMismatch property of a ValidityState object indicates if the value of an <input>, after having been edited by the user, does not conform to the constraints set by the element's type attribute.

If the type attribute expects specific strings, such as the email and url types and the value doesn't conform to the constraints set by the type, the typeMismatch property will be true.

The email input type expects one or more valid email addresses, depending on whether the multiple attribute is present. A valid email address includes an email prefix and a domain, with or without a top level domain. If the value of the email input is not an empty string, a single valid email address, or one or more comma separated email address if the multiple attribute is present, there is a typeMismatch.

The url input type expects one or more valid URLs, depending on whether the multiple attribute is present. A valid URL includes a protocol, optionally with an IP address, or an optional subdomain, domain, and top level domain combination. If the value of the URL input is not an empty string, a single valid URL, or one or more comma separated URLS if the multiple attribute is present, there is a typeMismatch.

Input type Value Expected value
email x@y or x@y.z email address, with or without TLD
url x: or x://y.z protocol or full URL with protocol

Examples

Given the following:

html

<p>
  <label>
    Enter an email address:
    <input type="email" value="example.com" />
  </label>
</p>
<p>
  <label>
    Enter a URL:
    <input type="url" value="example.com" />
  </label>
</p>

css

input:invalid {
  border: red solid 3px;
}

The above each produce a typeMismatch because the email address is just a domain and the URL has no protocol

The typeMismatch occurs when there is a disconnect between the value expected via the type attribute and the data that is actually present. The typeMismatch is only one of the many possible errors and is only relevant for the email and url types. When the value provided doesn't match the expected value based on the type for other input types, you get different errors. For example, if the number input value is not a floating point number, the badInput is true. If the email is required but is empty, the valueMissing will be true.

Specifications

Specification
HTML Standard
# dom-validitystate-typemismatch

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also