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Объект Int8Array представляет типизированный массив 8-разрядных целых значений. Содержимое инициализируется значением 0. Создав экземпляр Int8Array, возможно получить доступ к элементам массива, используя методы объекта или стандартный синтаксис доступа к элементу массива по его индексу (с помощью скобочной нотации).

Syntax

new Int8Array(); // new in ES2017
new Int8Array(length);
new Int8Array(typedArray);
new Int8Array(object);
new Int8Array(buffer [, byteOffset [, length]]);

Для более детальной информации о синтаксисе конструктора смотрите TypedArray.

Properties

Int8Array.BYTES_PER_ELEMENT
Returns a number value of the element size. 1 in the case of an Int8Array.
Int8Array.length
Static length property whose value is 0. For the actual length (number of elements), see Int8Array.prototype.length.
Int8Array.name
Returns the string value of the constructor name. In the case of the Int8Array type: "Int8Array".
Int8Array.prototype
Prototype for the TypedArray objects.

Methods

Int8Array.from()
Creates a new Int8Array from an array-like or iterable object. See also Array.from().
Int8Array.of()
Creates a new Int8Array with a variable number of arguments. See also Array.of().

Int8Array prototype

All Int8Array objects inherit from %TypedArray%.prototype.

Properties

Int8Array.prototype.constructor
Returns the function that created an instance's prototype. This is the Int8Array constructor by default.
Int8Array.prototype.buffer Только для чтения
Returns the ArrayBuffer referenced by the Int8Array Fixed at construction time and thus read only.
Int8Array.prototype.byteLength Только для чтения
Returns the length (in bytes) of the Int8Array from the start of its ArrayBuffer. Fixed at construction time and thus read only.
Int8Array.prototype.byteOffset Только для чтения
Returns the offset (in bytes) of the Int8Array from the start of its ArrayBuffer. Fixed at construction time and thus read only.
Int8Array.prototype.length Только для чтения
Returns the number of elements hold in the Int8Array. Fixed at construction time and thus read only.

Methods

Int8Array.prototype.copyWithin()
Copies a sequence of array elements within the array. See also Array.prototype.copyWithin().
Int8Array.prototype.entries()
Returns a new Array Iterator object that contains the key/value pairs for each index in the array. See also Array.prototype.entries().
Int8Array.prototype.every()
Tests whether all elements in the array pass the test provided by a function. See also Array.prototype.every().
Int8Array.prototype.fill()
Fills all the elements of an array from a start index to an end index with a static value. See also Array.prototype.fill().
Int8Array.prototype.filter()
Creates a new array with all of the elements of this array for which the provided filtering function returns true. See also Array.prototype.filter().
Int8Array.prototype.find()
Returns the found value in the array, if an element in the array satisfies the provided testing function or undefined if not found. See also Array.prototype.find().
Int8Array.prototype.findIndex()
Returns the found index in the array, if an element in the array satisfies the provided testing function or -1 if not found. See also Array.prototype.findIndex().
Int8Array.prototype.forEach()
Calls a function for each element in the array. See also Array.prototype.forEach().
Int8Array.prototype.includes()
Determines whether a typed array includes a certain element, returning true or false as appropriate. See also Array.prototype.includes().
Int8Array.prototype.indexOf()
Returns the first (least) index of an element within the array equal to the specified value, or -1 if none is found. See also Array.prototype.indexOf().
Int8Array.prototype.join()
Joins all elements of an array into a string. See also Array.prototype.join().
Int8Array.prototype.keys()
Returns a new Array Iterator that contains the keys for each index in the array. See also Array.prototype.keys().
Int8Array.prototype.lastIndexOf()
Returns the last (greatest) index of an element within the array equal to the specified value, or -1 if none is found. See also Array.prototype.lastIndexOf().
Int8Array.prototype.map()
Creates a new array with the results of calling a provided function on every element in this array. See also Array.prototype.map().
Int8Array.prototype.move() Не реализовано
Former non-standard version of Int8Array.prototype.copyWithin().
Int8Array.prototype.reduce()
Apply a function against an accumulator and each value of the array (from left-to-right) as to reduce it to a single value. See also Array.prototype.reduce().
Int8Array.prototype.reduceRight()
Apply a function against an accumulator and each value of the array (from right-to-left) as to reduce it to a single value. See also Array.prototype.reduceRight().
Int8Array.prototype.reverse()
Reverses the order of the elements of an array — the first becomes the last, and the last becomes the first. See also Array.prototype.reverse().
Int8Array.prototype.set()
Stores multiple values in the typed array, reading input values from a specified array.
Int8Array.prototype.slice()
Extracts a section of an array and returns a new array. See also Array.prototype.slice().
Int8Array.prototype.some()
Returns true if at least one element in this array satisfies the provided testing function. See also Array.prototype.some().
Int8Array.prototype.sort()
Sorts the elements of an array in place and returns the array. See also Array.prototype.sort().
Int8Array.prototype.subarray()
Returns a new Int8Array from the given start and end element index.
Int8Array.prototype.values()
Returns a new Array Iterator object that contains the values for each index in the array. See also Array.prototype.values().
Int8Array.prototype.toLocaleString()
Returns a localized string representing the array and its elements. See also Array.prototype.toLocaleString().
Int8Array.prototype.toString()
Returns a string representing the array and its elements. See also Array.prototype.toString().
Int8Array.prototype[@@iterator]()
Returns a new Array Iterator object that contains the values for each index in the array.

Examples

Different ways to create an Int8Array:

// From a length
var int8 = new Int8Array(2);
int8[0] = 42;
console.log(int8[0]); // 42
console.log(int8.length); // 2
console.log(int8.BYTES_PER_ELEMENT); // 1

// From an array
var arr = new Int8Array([21,31]);
console.log(arr[1]); // 31

// From another TypedArray
var x = new Int8Array([21, 31]);
var y = new Int8Array(x);
console.log(y[0]); // 21

// From an ArrayBuffer
var buffer = new ArrayBuffer(8);
var z = new Int8Array(buffer, 1, 4);

// From an iterable
var iterable = function*(){ yield* [1,2,3]; }();
var int8 = new Int8Array(iterable);
// Int8Array[1, 2, 3]

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Typed Array Specification Устаревшая Superseded by ECMAScript 2015.
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
Определение 'TypedArray constructors' в этой спецификации.
Стандарт Initial definition in an ECMA standard. Specified that new is required.
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
Определение 'TypedArray constructors' в этой спецификации.
Живой стандарт ECMAScript 2017 changed the Int8Array constructor to use the ToIndex operation and allows constructors with no arguments.

Browser compatibility

ВозможностьChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Базовая поддержка7 Да41011.65.1
Int8Array() without new throws ? ?44 ? ? ?
Iterable in constructor ? ?52 ? ? ?
Constructor without arguments ? ?55 ? ? ?
ВозможностьAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Базовая поддержка4 Да Да41011.64.2
Int8Array() without new throws ? ? ?44 ? ? ?
Iterable in constructor ? ? ?52 ? ? ?
Constructor without arguments ? ? ?55 ? ? ?

Compatibility notes

Starting with ECMAScript 2015, Int8Array constructors require to be constructed with a new operator. Calling a Int8Array constructor as a function without new, will throw a TypeError from now on.

var dv = Int8Array([1, 2, 3]);
// TypeError: calling a builtin Int8Array constructor 
// without new is forbidden
var dv = new Int8Array([1, 2, 3]);

See also

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