webRequest.onHeadersReceived

Cette traduction est en cours.

Fired when the HTTP response headers associated with a request have been received. You can use this event to modify HTTP response headers.

To have the response headers passed into the listener along with the rest of the request data, pass "responseHeaders" in the extraInfoSpec array.

To modify the headers, pass "blocking" in extraInfoSpec. Then in your event listener, return an object with a property named responseHeaders, whose value is the set of response headers to use. The browser will behave as if the server had sent the modified headers.

From Firefox 52 onwards, instead of returning BlockingResponse, the listener can return a Promise which is resolved with a BlockingResponse. This enables the listener to process the request asynchronously.

If you use "blocking", you must have the "webRequestBlocking" API permission in your manifest.json.

Note that it is possible for extensions to conflict here. If two extensions listen to onHeadersReceived for the same request, then the second listener will see modifications made by the first listener, and will be able to undo any changes made by the first listener. For example, if the first listener adds a Set-Cookie header, and the second listener strips all Set-Cookie headers, then the first listener's modifications will be lost. If you want to see the headers that are actually processed by the system, without the risk that another extension will subsequently alter them, use onResponseStarted, although you can't modify headers on this event.

Syntaxe

browser.webRequest.onHeadersReceived.addListener(
  listener,             // function
  filter,               //  object
  extraInfoSpec         //  optional array of strings
)
browser.webRequest.onHeadersReceived.removeListener(listener)
browser.webRequest.onHeadersReceived.hasListener(listener)

Events have three functions:

addListener(callback, filter, extraInfoSpec)
Adds a listener to this event.
removeListener(listener)
Stop listening to this event. The listener argument is the listener to remove.
hasListener(listener)
Check whether listener is registered for this event. Returns true if it is listening, false otherwise.

syntaxe addListener

Paramètres

callback

Function that will be called when this event occurs. The function will be passed the following arguments:

details
object. Details of the request. This will include response headers if you have included "responseHeaders" in extraInfoSpec.

Returns: webRequest.BlockingResponse. If "blocking" is specified in the extraInfoSpec parameter, the event listener should return a BlockingResponse object, and can set its responseHeaders property.

filter
webRequest.RequestFilter. A set of filters that restricts the events that will be sent to this listener.
extraInfoSpecFacultatif
array of string. Extra options for the event. You can pass any of the following values:
  • "blocking" to make the request synchronous, so you can modify request headers
  • "responseHeaders" to include the response headers in the details object passed to the listener

Additional objects

details

documentUrl
string. URL of the document in which the resource will be loaded. For example, if the web page at "https://example.com" contains an image or an iframe, then the documentUrl for the image or iframe will be "https://example.com". For a top-level document, documentUrl is undefined.
frameId
integer. Zero if the request happens in the main frame; a positive value is the ID of a subframe in which the request happens. If the document of a (sub-)frame is loaded (type is main_frame or sub_frame), frameId indicates the ID of this frame, not the ID of the outer frame. Frame IDs are unique within a tab.
method
string. Standard HTTP method: for example, "GET" or "POST".
originUrl

string. URL of the resource which triggered the request. For example, if "https://example.com" contains a link, and the user clicks the link, then the originUrl for the resulting request is "https://example.com".

The originUrl is often but not always the same as the documentUrl. For example, if a page contains an iframe, and the iframe contains a link that loads a new document into the iframe, then the documentUrl for the resulting request will be the iframe's parent document, but the originUrl will be the URL of the document in the iframe that contained the link.

parentFrameId
integer. ID of the frame that contains the frame which sent the request. Set to -1 if no parent frame exists.
proxyInfo

object. This property is present only if the request is being proxied. It contains the following properties:

host
string. The hostname of the proxy server.
port
integer. The port number of the proxy server.
type

string. The type of proxy server. One of:

  • "http": HTTP proxy (or SSL CONNECT for HTTPS)
  • "https": HTTP proxying over TLS connection to proxy
  • "socks": SOCKS v5 proxy
  • "socks4": SOCKS v4 proxy
  • "direct": no proxy
  • "unknown": unknown proxy
username
string. Username for the proxy service.
proxyDNS
boolean. True if the proxy will perform domain name resolution based on the hostname supplied, meaning that the client should not do its own DNS lookup.
failoverTimeout
integer. Failover timeout in seconds. If the proxy connection fails, the proxy will not be used again for this period.
requestId
string. The ID of the request. Request IDs are unique within a browser session, so you can use them to relate different events associated with the same request.
responseHeadersFacultatif
webRequest.HttpHeaders. The HTTP response headers that were received for this request.
statusCode
integer. Standard HTTP status code returned by the server.
statusLine
string. HTTP status line of the response or the 'HTTP/0.9 200 OK' string for HTTP/0.9 responses (that is, responses that lack a status line).
tabId
integer. ID of the tab in which the request takes place. Set to -1 if the request isn't related to a tab.
timeStamp
number. The time when this event fired, in milliseconds since the epoch.
type
webRequest.ResourceType. The type of resource being requested: for example, "image", "script", "stylesheet".
url
string. Target of the request.

Compatibilité du navigateur

ChromeEdgeFirefoxFirefox for AndroidOpera
Support simple Oui1141452 3482 3 Oui1
details.frameId Oui144548 Oui
details.method Oui144548 Oui
details.originUrl Non Non4848 Non
details.parentFrameId Oui144548 Oui
details.proxyInfo Non Non5757 Non
details.requestId Oui144548 Oui
details.responseHeaders Oui144548 Oui
details.statusCode Oui144548 Oui
details.statusLine Oui144548 Oui
details.tabId Oui144548 Oui
details.timeStamp Oui144548 Oui
details.type Oui144548 Oui
details.url Oui144548 Oui

1. Asynchronous event listeners are not supported.

2. Modification of the 'Content-Type' header is supported from version 51.

3. Asynchronous event listeners are supported from version 52.

Exemples

Ce code définit un cookie supplémentaire lors de la demande d'une ressource à partir de l'URL cible :

var targetPage = "https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/Firefox/Developer_Edition";

// Add the new header to the original array,
// and return it.
function setCookie(e) {
  var setMyCookie = {
    name: "Set-Cookie",
    value: "my-cookie1=my-cookie-value1"
  };
  e.responseHeaders.push(setMyCookie);
  return {responseHeaders: e.responseHeaders};
}

// Listen for onHeaderReceived for the target page.
// Set "blocking" and "responseHeaders".
browser.webRequest.onHeadersReceived.addListener(
  setCookie,
  {urls: [targetPage]},
  ["blocking", "responseHeaders"]
);

Ce code fait la même chose que l'exemple précédent, sauf que l'auditeur est asynchrone, retournant une Promise qui est résolue avec les nouveaux en-têtes :

var targetPage = "https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/Firefox/Developer_Edition";

// Return a Promise that sets a timer.
// When the timer fires, resolve the promise with
// modified set of response headers.
function setCookieAsync(e) {
  var asyncSetCookie = new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    window.setTimeout(() => {
      var setMyCookie = {
        name: "Set-Cookie",
        value: "my-cookie1=my-cookie-value1"
      };
      e.responseHeaders.push(setMyCookie);
      resolve({responseHeaders: e.responseHeaders});
    }, 2000);
  });

  return asyncSetCookie;
}

// Listen for onHeaderReceived for the target page.
// Set "blocking" and "responseHeaders".
browser.webRequest.onHeadersReceived.addListener(
  setCookieAsync,
  {urls: [targetPage]},
  ["blocking", "responseHeaders"]
);

Remerciements :

Cette API est basée sur l'API Chromium chrome.webRequest. Cette documentation est dérivée de web_request.json dans le code Chromium.

Les données de compatibilité relatives à Microsoft Edge sont fournies par Microsoft Corporation et incluses ici sous la licence Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 pour les États-Unis.

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