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The CanvasRenderingContext2D.rotate() method of the Canvas 2D API adds a rotation to the transformation matrix. The angle argument represents a clockwise rotation angle and is expressed in radians.

Syntax

void ctx.rotate(angle);

Parameters

angle
The angle to rotate clockwise in radians. You can use degree * Math.PI / 180 if you want to calculate from a degree value.

The rotation center point is always the canvas origin. To change the center point, we will need to move the canvas by using the translate() method.

Examples

Using the rotate method

This is just a simple code snippet which uses the rotate method.

HTML

<canvas id="canvas"></canvas>

JavaScript

var canvas = document.getElementById('canvas');
var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');

ctx.rotate(45 * Math.PI / 180);
ctx.fillRect(70, 0, 100, 30);

// reset current transformation matrix to the identity matrix
ctx.setTransform(1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0);

Edit the code below and see your changes update live in the canvas:

Playable code
<canvas id="canvas" width="400" height="200" class="playable-canvas"></canvas>
<div class="playable-buttons">
  <input id="edit" type="button" value="Edit" />
  <input id="reset" type="button" value="Reset" />
</div>
<textarea id="code" class="playable-code">
ctx.rotate(45 * Math.PI / 180);
ctx.fillRect(70,0,100,30);
ctx.setTransform(1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0);</textarea>
var canvas = document.getElementById("canvas");
var ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");
var textarea = document.getElementById("code");
var reset = document.getElementById("reset");
var edit = document.getElementById("edit");
var code = textarea.value;

function drawCanvas() {
  ctx.clearRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
  eval(textarea.value);
}

reset.addEventListener("click", function() {
  textarea.value = code;
  drawCanvas();
});

edit.addEventListener("click", function() {
  textarea.focus();
})

textarea.addEventListener("input", drawCanvas);
window.addEventListener("load", drawCanvas);

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'CanvasRenderingContext2D.rotate' in that specification.
Living Standard  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also

Etiquetas y colaboradores del documento

Colaboradores en esta página: fscholz, nmve, erikadoyle
Última actualización por: fscholz,