textLength

The textLength attribute, available on SVG <text> and <tspan> elements, lets you specify the width of the space into which the text will draw. The user agent will ensure that the text does not extend farther than that distance, using the method or methods specified by the lengthAdjust attribute. By default, only the spacing between characters is adjusted, but the glyph size can also be adjusted if you change lengthAdjust.

By using textLength, you can ensure that your SVG text displays at the same width regardless of conditions including web fonts failing to load (or not having loaded yet).

Four elements are using this attribute: <text>, <textPath>, <tref>, and <tspan>

<svg viewBox="0 0 200 60" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
  <text y="20" textLength="6em">Small text length</text>
  <text y="40" textLength="120%">Big text length</text>
</svg>

Usage notes

Value <length-percentage> | <number>
Default value None
Animatable Yes
<length-percentage>
This value specifies the width of the space the text will be adjusted to occupy as absolute length or percentage.
<number>
A numeric value outlines a length referring to the units of the current coordinate system.

Example

Let's create a simple example that presents text you can resize using an <input> element of type "range".

SVG

Let's start with the SVG. It's pretty basic, with a 1000-by-300 pixel space mapped into a 10 centimeter by 3 centimeter box.

<svg width="10cm" height="3cm" viewBox="0 0 1000 300"
    xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
 
  <rect x="1" y="1" width="998" height="298"
      fill="none" stroke="green" stroke-width="2"/>
 
  <text id="hello" x="10" y="150"
      font-family="sans-serif" font-size="60" fill="green">
    Hello world!
  </text>
</svg>

First, a <rect> element is used to create and stroke a rectangle to contain the text. Then <text> is used to create the text element itself, with an id of "hello".

HTML

The HTML is also simple, with only two displayed elements contained inside a grouping <div>:

<div class="controls">
  <input type="range" id="widthSlider" min="80" max="978">
  <span id="widthDisplay"></span>
</div>

The <input> element, of type "range", is used to create the slider control the user will manipulate to change the width of the text. A <span> element of ID "widthDisplay" is provided to display the current width value.

JavaScript

Finally, let's have a look at the JavaScript code. It starts by stashing references to the elements it will need to access, using Document.getElementById():

const widthSlider = document.getElementById("widthSlider"); 
const widthDisplay = document.getElementById("widthDisplay"); 
const textElement = document.getElementById("hello"); 
const baseLength = Math.floor(textElement.textLength.baseVal.value);

widthSlider.value = baseLength;
 
widthSlider.addEventListener("input", function(event) { 
  textElement.textLength.baseVal.newValueSpecifiedUnits( 
      SVGLength.SVG_LENGTHTYPE_PX, widthSlider.valueAsNumber); 
  widthDisplay.innerText = widthSlider.value; 
}, false); 
 
widthSlider.dispatchEvent(new Event("input"));

After fetching the element references, an EventListener is established by calling addEventListener() on the slider control, to receive any input events which occur. These events will be sent any time the slider's value changes, even if the user hasn't stopped moving it, so we can responsively adjust the text width.

When an "input" event occurs, we call SVGLength.newValueSpecifiedUnits() to set the value of textLength to the slider's new value, using the SVGLength interface's SVG_LENGTHTYPE_PX unit type to indicate that the value represents pixels. Note that we have to dive into textLength to get its baseVal property; textLength is stored as an SVGLength object, so we can't treat it like a plain number.

After updating the text width, the contents of the widthDisplay box are updated with the new value as well, and we're finished.

Result

Here's what the example looks like. Try dragging the slider around to get a feel for what it does.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 2
The definition of 'textLength' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Allowed percentages and numbers as values.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.1 (Second Edition)
The definition of 'textLength' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
textLengthChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support YesIE Full support 11Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: Sebastianz,