The baseName accessor property of Intl.Locale instances returns a substring of this locale's string representation, containing core information about this locale.


An Intl.Locale object represents a parsed local and options for that locale. The baseName property returns basic, core information about the Locale in the form of a substring of the complete data string. Specifically, the property returns the substring containing the language, and the script and region if available.

baseName returns the language ["-" script] ["-" region] *("-" variant) subsequence of the unicode_language_id grammar.


Basic Example

const myLoc = new Intl.Locale("fr-Latn-CA"); // Sets locale to Canadian French
console.log(myLoc.toString()); // Prints out "fr-Latn-CA-u-ca-gregory"
console.log(myLoc.baseName); // Prints out "fr-Latn-CA"

Example with options in the input string

// Sets language to Japanese, region to Japan,

// calendar to Gregorian, hour cycle to 24 hours
const japan = new Intl.Locale("ja-JP-u-ca-gregory-hc-24");
console.log(japan.toString()); // Prints out "ja-JP-u-ca-gregory-hc-h24"
console.log(japan.baseName); // Prints out "ja-JP"

Example with options that override input string

// Input string indicates language as Dutch and region as Belgium,

// but options object overrides the region and sets it to the Netherlands
const dutch = new Intl.Locale("nl-Latn-BE", { region: "NL" });

console.log(dutch.baseName); // Prints out "nl-Latn-NL"


ECMAScript Internationalization API Specification
# sec-Intl.Locale.prototype.baseName

Browser compatibility

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See also