The setMonth() method sets the month for a specified date according to the currently set year.

Syntax

dateObj.setMonth(monthValue[, dayValue])

Versions prior to JavaScript 1.3

dateObj.setMonth(monthValue)

Parameters

monthValue
An integer between 0 and 11, representing the months January through December.
dayValue
Optional. An integer from 1 to 31, representing the day of the month.

Return value

The number of milliseconds between 1 January 1970 00:00:00 UTC and the updated date.

Description

If you do not specify the dayValue parameter, the value returned from the getDate() method is used.

If a parameter you specify is outside of the expected range, setMonth() attempts to update the date information in the Date object accordingly. For example, if you use 15 for monthValue, the year will be incremented by 1, and 3 will be used for month.

The current day of month will have an impact on the behaviour of this method. Conceptually it will add the number of days given by the current day of the month to the 1st day of the new month specified as the parameter, to return the new date. For example, if the current value is 31st August 2016, calling setMonth with a value of 1 will return 2nd March 2016. This is because in 2016 February had 29 days.

Examples

Using setMonth()

var theBigDay = new Date();
theBigDay.setMonth(6);

//Watch out for end of month transitions
var endOfMonth = new Date(2016, 7, 31);
endOfMonth.setMonth(1);
console.log(endOfMonth); //Wed Mar 02 2016 00:00:00

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 1st Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.0.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Date.prototype.setMonth' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Date.prototype.setMonth' in that specification.
Standard  
ECMAScript Latest Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Date.prototype.setMonth' in that specification.
Draft  

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yesnodejs Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: schalkneethling,