ARIA: option role

The option role is used for selectable items in a listbox.


The option role is used to identify selections a user can make in a listbox. These options are similar to the <option> elements in a <select> element, but they can contain images.

All selectable options should have aria-selected match their state, true when selected and false when not. If an option is not selectable, aria-selected can be omitted. A disabled option can have aria-disabled="true" and aria-selected="false" to communicate to the user that the option is present, albeit disabled.

The option role is for identifying selectable choices of a listbox. Options must be provided an accessible name. Generally, the accessible name for an option should come from the element's descendant content.

Authors can also explicitly provide an accessible name by specifying aria-label or aria-labelledby to the element with the option role. If using aria-label or aria-labelledby, and the option also displays a visible text label, authors must ensure they adhere to WCAG Success Criterion 2.5.3 Label in Name.

It is highly recommended to use a <select> element or an <input> element with the checkbox or radio type instead, when possible. These native HTML elements provide keyboard interactivity to manage focus for all the descendants for you automatically.

All descendants are presentational

There are some types of user interface components that, when represented in a platform accessibility API, can only contain text. Accessibility APIs do not have a way of representing semantic elements contained in a option. To deal with this limitation, browsers, automatically apply role presentation to all descendant elements of any option element as it is a role that does not support semantic children.

For example, consider the following option element, which contains a heading.

<div role="option"><h3>Title of my option</h3></div>

Because descendants of option are presentational, the following code is equivalent:

<div role="option"><h3 role="presentation">Title of my option</h3></div>

From the assistive technology user's perspective, the heading does not exist since the previous code snippets are equivalent to the following in the accessibility tree:

<div role="option">Title of my option</div>

Associated ARIA roles, states, and properties

Associated Roles


An option must be contained in or owned by a listbox

States and Properties


Used to describe the selection state of the option. Required.


Used to describe the checked state when options are used in a multiple selection fashion. Supports true, false and mixed. Optional.


Used to describe the position in the set of options when it does not match the DOM, such as virtual scrolling where only some options are present at a time. Optional.


Used in conjunction with aria-posinset to declare the total number of options. Optional.


Used to indicate that the option is present but not editable. Optional.


Used to hide the option from accessibility tools. It should only be used to hide non-visible content or visible content if it improves the experience of assistive technology, such as redundant content. Optional.


Used to indicate that the value of the option is considered invalid by the application. Optional.


Used to indicate that an element is being modified, such as while it is loading. Optional.


Used to indicate which element labels the option. The content of the option should be used instead where appropriate. Optional.


Used to label the option. If the label is present in the DOM, aria-labelledby should be used instead. Optional.

(For further details and a full list of ARIA states and properties see the ARIA option (role) documentation.)


Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA)
# option
Unknown specification

See also