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IDBIndex.get()

The get() method of the IDBIndex interface returns an IDBRequest object, and, in a separate thread, finds either the value in the referenced object store that corresponds to the given key or the first corresponding value, if key is set to an IDBKeyRange.

If a value is successfully found, then a structured clone of it is created and set as the result of the request object: this returns the record the key is associated with.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Syntax

var myIndex = objectStore.index('index');
var request = myIndex.get(key);

Returns

An IDBRequest object on which subsequent events related to this operation are fired.

Exceptions

This method may raise a DOMException of one of the following types:

Exception Description
TransactionInactiveError This IDBIndex's transaction is inactive.
DataError

The key or key range provided contains an invalid key.

InvalidStateError The IDBIndex has been deleted or removed.

Example

In the following example we open a transaction and an object store, then get the index lName from a simple contacts database. We then open a basic cursor on the index using IDBIndex.openCursor — this works the same as opening a cursor directly on an ObjectStore using IDBObjectStore.openCursor except that the returned records are sorted based on the index, not the primary key.

myIndex.get('Bungle') is then used to retrieve the record with an lName of Bungle, and the result of that request is logged to the console when its success callback returns.

Finally, we iterate through each record, and insert the data into an HTML table. For a complete working example, see our IDBIndex-example demo repo (View the example live.)

function displayDataByIndex() {
  tableEntry.innerHTML = '';
  var transaction = db.transaction(['contactsList'], 'readonly');
  var objectStore = transaction.objectStore('contactsList');

  var myIndex = objectStore.index('lName'); 
  var getRequest = myIndex.get('Bungle');
  getRequest.onsuccess = function() {
    console.log(getRequest.result);
  }

  myIndex.openCursor().onsuccess = function(event) {
    var cursor = event.target.result;
    if(cursor) {
      var tableRow = document.createElement('tr');
      tableRow.innerHTML =   '<td>' + cursor.value.id + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.lName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.fName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.jTitle + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.company + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.eMail + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.phone + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.age + '</td>';
      tableEntry.appendChild(tableRow);  

      cursor.continue();
    } else {
      console.log('Entries all displayed.');    
    }
  };
};
 

Parameters

key Optional
A key or IDBKeyRange that identifies the record to be retrieved. If this value is null or missing, the browser will use an unbound key range.

Specification

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'get()' in that specification.
Editor's Draft  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 23webkit
24
10 moz
16.0 (16.0)
10, partial 15 7.1
Available in workers (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) ? (Yes) ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 4.4 22.0 (22.0) 1.0.1 10 22 8
Available in workers (Yes) 37.0 (37.0) (Yes) ? (Yes) ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: jpmedley, inexorabletash, chrisdavidmills, fscholz
 Last updated by: jpmedley,