IDBIndex.getKey()

The getKey() method of the IDBIndex interface returns an IDBRequest object, and, in a separate thread, finds either the primary key that corresponds to the given key in this index or the first corresponding primary key, if key is set to an IDBKeyRange.

If a primary key is found, it is set as the result of the request object. Note that this doesn't return the whole record as IDBIndex.get does.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers

Syntax

var request = myIndex.getKey(key);

Parameters

key Optional
A key or IDBKeyRange that identifies a record to be retrieved. If this value is null or missing, the browser will use an unbound key range.

Return value

An IDBRequest object on which subsequent events related to this operation are fired.

Exceptions

This method may raise a DOMException of one of the following types:

Exception Description
TransactionInactiveError This IDBIndex's transaction is inactive.
DataError

The key or key range provided contains an invalid key.

InvalidStateError The IDBIndex has been deleted or removed.

Example

In the following example we open a transaction and an object store, then get the index lName from a simple contacts database. We then open a basic cursor on the index using IDBIndex.openCursor — this works the same as opening a cursor directly on an ObjectStore using IDBObjectStore.openCursor except that the returned records are sorted based on the index, not the primary key.

myIndex.getKey('Bungle') is then used to retrieve the primary key of the record with an lName of Bungle, and the result of that request is logged to the console when its success callback returns.

Finally, we iterate through each record, and insert the data into an HTML table. For a complete working example, see our IndexedDB-examples demo repo (View the example live.)

function displayDataByIndex() {
  tableEntry.innerHTML = '';
  var transaction = db.transaction(['contactsList'], 'readonly');
  var objectStore = transaction.objectStore('contactsList');

  var myIndex = objectStore.index('lName');
  var getKeyRequest = myIndex.getKey('Bungle');
  getKeyRequest.onsuccess = function() {
    console.log(getKeyRequest.result);
  }

  myIndex.openCursor().onsuccess = function(event) {
    var cursor = event.target.result;
    if(cursor) {
      var tableRow = document.createElement('tr');
      tableRow.innerHTML =   '<td>' + cursor.value.id + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.lName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.fName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.jTitle + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.company + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.eMail + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.phone + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.age + '</td>';
      tableEntry.appendChild(tableRow);

      cursor.continue();
    } else {
      console.log('Entries all displayed.');
    }
  };
};

Specifications

Specification
Indexed Database API 3.0 (Indexed DB 3.0)
# ref-for-dom-idbindex-getkey①

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also