IDBIndex.unique

The unique read-only property returns a boolean that states whether the index allows duplicate keys.

This is decided when the index is created, using the IDBObjectStore.createIndex method. This method takes an optional parameter, unique, which if set to true means that the index will not be able to accept duplicate entries.

Note: This feature is available in Web Workers.

Syntax

var isUnique = IDBIndex.unique; 

Value

A Boolean:

Value Effect
true The current index does not allow duplicate values for a key.
false The current index allows duplicate key values.

Example

In the following example we open a transaction and an object store, then get the index lName from a simple contacts database. We then open a basic cursor on the index using IDBIndex.openCursor — this works the same as opening a cursor directly on an ObjectStore using IDBObjectStore.openCursor except that the returned records are sorted based on the index, not the primary key.

The unique status of the index is logged to the console: it should be returned as false.

Finally, we iterate through each record, and insert the data into an HTML table. For a complete working example, see our IDBIndex-example demo repo (View the example live.)

function displayDataByIndex() {
  tableEntry.innerHTML = '';
  var transaction = db.transaction(['contactsList'], 'readonly');
  var objectStore = transaction.objectStore('contactsList');

  var myIndex = objectStore.index('lName'); 
  console.log(myIndex.unique);

  myIndex.openCursor().onsuccess = function(event) {
    var cursor = event.target.result;
    if(cursor) {
      var tableRow = document.createElement('tr');
      tableRow.innerHTML =   '<td>' + cursor.value.id + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.lName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.fName + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.jTitle + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.company + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.eMail + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.phone + '</td>'
                           + '<td>' + cursor.value.age + '</td>';
      tableEntry.appendChild(tableRow);  

      cursor.continue();
    } else {
      console.log('Entries all displayed.');    
    }
  };
};

Specification

Specification Status Comment
Indexed Database API
The definition of 'unique' in that specification.
Recommendation  
Indexed Database API 2.0
The definition of 'unique' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support

24

23 — 24 webkit

12

16

10 — 16 moz

101157
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support

24

23 — 24 webkit

24

23 — 24 webkit

Yes22228 Yes

1. partial

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: fscholz, jpmedley, arronei, libbymc, chrisdavidmills
 Last updated by: fscholz,