Learn web development

BookInstance detail page and challenge

BookInstance detail page

The BookInstance detail page needs to display the information for each BookInstance, identified using its (automatically generated) _id field value. This will include the Book name (as a link to the Book detail page) along with other information in the record.

Controller

Open /controllers/bookinstanceController.js. Find the exported bookinstance_detail() controller method and replace it with the following code.

// Display detail page for a specific BookInstance.
exports.bookinstance_detail = function(req, res, next) {

    BookInstance.findById(req.params.id)
    .populate('book')
    .exec(function (err, bookinstance) {
      if (err) { return next(err); }
      if (bookinstance==null) { // No results.
          var err = new Error('Book copy not found');
          err.status = 404;
          return next(err);
        }
      // Successful, so render.
      res.render('bookinstance_detail', { title: 'Book:', bookinstance:  bookinstance});
    })

};

The method calls BookInstance.findById() with the ID of a specific book instance extracted from the URL (using the route), and accessed within the controller via the request parameters: req.params.id). It then calls populate() to get the details of the associated Book.

View

Create /views/bookinstance_detail.pug and copy in the content below.

extends layout

block content

  h1 ID: #{bookinstance._id}
  
  p #[strong Title:] 
    a(href=bookinstance.book.url) #{bookinstance.book.title}
  p #[strong Imprint:] #{bookinstance.imprint}

  p #[strong Status:] 
    if bookinstance.status=='Available'
      span.text-success #{bookinstance.status}
    else if bookinstance.status=='Maintenance'
      span.text-danger #{bookinstance.status}
    else
      span.text-warning #{bookinstance.status} 
      
  if bookinstance.status!='Available'
    p #[strong Due back:] #{bookinstance.due_back}

Everything in this template has been demonstrated in previous sections.

What does it look like?

Run the application and open your browser to http://localhost:3000/. Select the All book-instances link, then select one of the items. If everything is set up correctly, your site should look something like the following screenshot.

BookInstance Detail Page - Express Local Library site

Challenge

Currently most dates displayed on the site use the default JavaScript format (e.g. Tue Dec 06 2016 15:49:58 GMT+1100 (AUS Eastern Daylight Time). The challenge for this article is to improve the appearance of the date display for Author lifespan information (date of death/birth) and for BookInstance detail pages to use the format: December 6th, 2016.

Note: You can use the same approach as we used for the Book Instance List (adding the virtual property for the lifespan to the Author model and use moment to format the date strings).

The requirements to meet this challenge:

  1. Replace the variable due_back with due_back_formatted in the BookInstance detail page.
  2. Update the Author module to add a lifespan virtual property. The lifespan should look like: date_of_birth - date_of_death, where both values have the same date format as BookInstance.due_back_formatted.
  3. Use Author.lifespan in all views where you currently explicitly use date_of_birth and date_of_death.

Return to Express Tutorial Part 5: Displaying library data.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: chrisdavidmills, bunnybooboo
 Last updated by: chrisdavidmills,