Test your skills: JSON

This aim of this skill test is to assess whether you've understood our Working with JSON article.

Note: You can try out the solution in the interactive editor below, however it may be helpful to download the code and use an online tool such as CodePen, jsFiddle, or Glitch to work on the task.

If you get stuck, then ask us for help β€” see the Assessment or further help section at the bottom of this page.

Note: In the example below, if there is an error in your code it will be outputted into the results panel on the page, to help you try to figure out the answer (or into the browser's JavaScript console, in the case of the downloadable version).

JSON 1

The one and only task in this article concerns accessing JSON data and using it in your page. JSON data about some mother cats and their kittens is available in sample.json. The JSON is loaded into the page as a text string and made available in the catString parameter of the displayCatInfo() function, called when the provided promise chain (which starts by fetching the JSON data) is fulfilled. Your task is to fill in the missing parts of the displayCatInfo() function to store:

  • The names of the three mother cats, separated by commas, in the motherInfo variable.
  • The total number of kittens, and how many are male and female, in the kittenInfo variable.

The values of these variables are then printed to the screen inside paragraphs.

Some hints/questions:

  • The JSON data is provided as text inside the displayCatInfo() function. You'll need to parse it into JSON before you can get any data out of it.
  • You'll probably want to use an outer loop to loop through the cats and add their names to the motherInfo variable string, and an inner loop to loop through all the kittens, add up the total of all/male/female kittens, and add those details to the kittenInfo variable string.
  • The last mother cat name should have an "and" before it, and a full stop after it. How do you make sure this can work, no matter how many cats are in the JSON?
  • Why are the para1.textContent = motherInfo; and para2.textContent = kittenInfo; lines inside the displayCatInfo() function, and not at the end of the script? This has something to do with async code.

Try updating the live code below to recreate the finished example:

Download the starting point for this task to work in your own editor or in an online editor.

Assessment or further help

You can practice these examples in the Interactive Editors above.

If you would like your work assessed, or are stuck and want to ask for help:

  1. Put your work into an online shareable editor such as CodePen, jsFiddle, or Glitch. You can write the code yourself, or use the starting point files linked to in the above sections.
  2. Write a post asking for assessment and/or help at the MDN Discourse forum Learning category. Your post should include:
    • A descriptive title such as "Assessment wanted for JSON skill test".
    • Details of what you have already tried, and what you would like us to do, e.g. if you are stuck and need help, or want an assessment.
    • A link to the example you want assessed or need help with, in an online shareable editor (as mentioned in step 1 above). This is a good practice to get into β€” it's very hard to help someone with a coding problem if you can't see their code.
    • A link to the actual task or assessment page, so we can find the question you want help with.