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The length property specifies the number of arguments expected by the function.

Property attributes of Function.length
Writable no
Enumerable no
Configurable yes


length is a property of a function object, and indicates how many arguments the function expects, i.e. the number of formal parameters. This number does not include the rest parameter. By contrast, arguments.length is local to a function and provides the number of arguments actually passed to the function.

Data property of the Function constructor

The Function constructor is itself a Function object. Its length data property has a value of 1. The property attributes are: Writable: false, Enumerable: false, Configurable: true.

Property of the Function prototype object

The length property of the Function prototype object has a value of 0.


console.log(Function.length); /* 1 */

console.log((function()        {}).length); /* 0 */
console.log((function(a)       {}).length); /* 1 */
console.log((function(a, b)    {}).length); /* 2 etc. */
console.log((function(...args) {}).length); /* 0, rest parameter is not counted */


Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 1st Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.1.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Function.length' in that specification.
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Function.length' in that specification.
Standard The configurable attribute of this property is now true.
ECMAScript 2017 Draft (ECMA-262)
The definition of 'Function.length' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Configurable: true ? 37 (37) ? ? ?
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Configurable: true ? ? 37.0 (37) ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

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