Function.length

length 属性指明函数的形参个数。

Function.length 属性的属性特性:
writable false
enumerable false
configurable true

描述

length 是函数对象的一个属性值,指该函数有多少个必须要传入的参数,即形参的个数。

形参的数量不包括剩余参数个数,仅包括第一个具有默认值之前的参数个数。

与之对比的是,  arguments.length 是函数被调用时实际传参的个数。

Function 构造器的属性

Function 构造器本身也是个Function。他的 length 属性值为 1 。该属性 Writable: false, Enumerable: false, Configurable: true.

Function.prototype 对象的属性

 Function.prototype  对象的 length 属性值为 0 。

示例

console.log(Function.length); /* 1 */

console.log((function()        {}).length); /* 0 */
console.log((function(a)       {}).length); /* 1 */
console.log((function(a, b)    {}).length); /* 2 etc. */

console.log((function(...args) {}).length); 
// 0, rest parameter is not counted

console.log((function(a, b = 1, c) {}).length);
// 1, only parameters before the first one with 
// a default value is counted

规范

Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript 1st Edition (ECMA-262) Standard Initial definition. Implemented in JavaScript 1.1.
ECMAScript 5.1 (ECMA-262)
Function.length
Standard  
ECMAScript 2015 (6th Edition, ECMA-262)
Function.length
Standard The configurable attribute of this property is now true.
ECMAScript (ECMA-262)
Function.length
Living Standard  

浏览器兼容

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobileServer
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung InternetNode.js
lengthChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 4Opera Full support 3Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 10.1Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0nodejs Full support Yes
Configurable: trueChrome Full support 43Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 37IE No support NoOpera Full support 30Safari Full support 10WebView Android Full support 43Chrome Android Full support 43Firefox Android Full support 37Opera Android Full support 30Safari iOS Full support 10Samsung Internet Android Full support 4.0nodejs Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support

参见