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The Intl.DateTimeFormat object is a constructor for objects that enable language sensitive date and time formatting.


new Intl.DateTimeFormat([locales[, options]])
Intl.DateTimeFormat.call(this[, locales[, options]])



Optional. A string with a BCP 47 language tag, or an array of such strings. For the general form and interpretation of the locales argument, see the Intl page. The following Unicode extension keys are allowed:

Numbering system. Possible values include: "arab", "arabext", "bali", "beng", "deva", "fullwide", "gujr", "guru", "hanidec", "khmr", "knda", "laoo", "latn", "limb", "mlym", "mong", "mymr", "orya", "tamldec", "telu", "thai", "tibt".
Calendar. Possible values include: "buddhist", "chinese", "coptic", "ethioaa", "ethiopic", "gregory", "hebrew", "indian", "islamic", "islamicc", "iso8601", "japanese", "persian", "roc".

Optional. An object with some or all of the following properties:

The locale matching algorithm to use. Possible values are "lookup" and "best fit"; the default is "best fit". For information about this option, see the Intl page.
The time zone to use. The only value implementations must recognize is "UTC"; the default is the runtime's default time zone. Implementations may also recognize the time zone names of the IANA time zone database, such as "Asia/Shanghai", "Asia/Kolkata", "America/New_York".
Whether to use 12-hour time (as opposed to 24-hour time). Possible values are true and false; the default is locale dependent.
The format matching algorithm to use. Possible values are "basic" and "best fit"; the default is "best fit". See the following paragraphs for information about the use of this property.

The following properties describe the date-time components to use in formatted output, and their desired representations. Implementations are required to support at least the following subsets:

  • weekday, year, month, day, hour, minute, second
  • weekday, year, month, day
  • year, month, day
  • year, month
  • month, day
  • hour, minute, second
  • hour, minute

Implementations may support other subsets, and requests will be negotiated against all available subset-representation combinations to find the best match. Two algorithms are available for this negotiation and selected by the formatMatcher property: A fully specified "basic" algorithm and an implementation dependent "best fit" algorithm.

The representation of the weekday. Possible values are "narrow", "short", "long".
The representation of the era. Possible values are "narrow", "short", "long".
The representation of the year. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
The representation of the month. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit", "narrow", "short", "long".
The representation of the day. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
The representation of the hour. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
The representation of the minute. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
The representation of the second. Possible values are "numeric", "2-digit".
The representation of the time zone name. Possible values are "short", "long".

The default value for each date-time component property is undefined, but if all component properties are undefined, then year, month, and day are assumed to be "numeric".



Allows the addition of properties to all objects.


Returns an array containing those of the provided locales that are supported without having to fall back to the runtime's default locale.

DateTimeFormat instances


DateTimeFormat instances inherit the following properties from their prototype:

A reference to Intl.DateTimeFormat.
Getter; returns a function that formats a date according to the locale and formatting options of this DateTimeFormat object.


DateTimeFormat instances inherit the following methods from their prototype:

Returns an Array of objects representing the date string in parts that can be used for custom locale-aware formatting.
Returns a new object with properties reflecting the locale and formatting options computed during initialization of the object.


Using DateTimeFormat

In basic use without specifying a locale, DateTimeFormat uses the default locale and default options.

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// toLocaleString without arguments depends on the implementation,
// the default locale, and the default time zone
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat().format(date));
// → "12/19/2012" if run with en-US locale (language) and time zone America/Los_Angeles (UTC-0800)

Using locales

This example shows some of the variations in localized date and time formats. In order to get the format of the language used in the user interface of your application, make sure to specify that language (and possibly some fallback languages) using the locales argument:

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// Results below use the time zone of America/Los_Angeles (UTC-0800, Pacific Standard Time)

// US English uses month-day-year order
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US').format(date));
// → "12/19/2012"

// British English uses day-month-year order
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-GB').format(date));
// → "19/12/2012"

// Korean uses year-month-day order
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('ko-KR').format(date));
// → "2012. 12. 19."

// Arabic in most Arabic speaking countries uses real Arabic digits
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('ar-EG').format(date));
// → "١٩‏/١٢‏/٢٠١٢"

// for Japanese, applications may want to use the Japanese calendar,
// where 2012 was the year 24 of the Heisei era
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('ja-JP-u-ca-japanese').format(date));
// → "24/12/19"

// when requesting a language that may not be supported, such as
// Balinese, include a fallback language, in this case Indonesian
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat(['ban', 'id']).format(date));
// → "19/12/2012"

Using options

The date and time formats can be customized using the options argument:

var date = new Date(Date.UTC(2012, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));

// request a weekday along with a long date
var options = { weekday: 'long', year: 'numeric', month: 'long', day: 'numeric' };
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('de-DE', options).format(date));
// → "Donnerstag, 20. Dezember 2012"

// an application may want to use UTC and make that visible
options.timeZone = 'UTC';
options.timeZoneName = 'short';
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', options).format(date));
// → "Thursday, December 20, 2012, GMT"

// sometimes you want to be more precise
options = {
  hour: 'numeric', minute: 'numeric', second: 'numeric', 
  timeZone: 'Australia/Sydney',
  timeZoneName: 'short'
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-AU', options).format(date));
// → "2:00:00 pm AEDT"

// sometimes even the US needs 24-hour time
options = {
  year: 'numeric', month: 'numeric', day: 'numeric',
  hour: 'numeric', minute: 'numeric', second: 'numeric',
  hour12: false,
  timeZone: 'America/Los_Angeles' 
console.log(new Intl.DateTimeFormat('en-US', options).format(date));
// → "12/19/2012, 19:00:00"


Specification Status Comment
ECMAScript Internationalization API 1.0 (ECMA-402)
The definition of 'Intl.DateTimeFormat' in that specification.
Standard Initial definition.
ECMAScript Internationalization API 2.0 (ECMA-402)
The definition of 'Intl.DateTimeFormat' in that specification.
ECMAScript Internationalization API 4.0 (ECMA-402)
The definition of 'Intl.DateTimeFormat' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic Support24 (Yes)29111510
IANA time zone names in timeZone option ? ?52 ? ?10
prototype24 (Yes)29111510
formatToParts551 No51 No No11
supportedLocalesOf24 (Yes)29111510
FeatureAndroidChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic Support No26 (Yes)56 No ?10
IANA time zone names in timeZone option ? ? ?56 ? ?10
prototype No26 (Yes)56 No ?10
format No26 (Yes)56 No ?10
formatToParts No ? No56 No No11
resolvedOptions No26 (Yes)56 No ?10
supportedLocalesOf No26 (Yes)56 No ?10

1. From version 55: this feature is behind the --datetime-format-to-parts compile flag.

See also

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